Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Label- to describe or identify with a word or phrase
Comprehensive- covering completely
DSM-5- current version of the American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disor
Critical Thinking Questions Chapter 19
1.) What are the features that groups share?
2.) What norms might be important to a group organized to serve social functions?
3.) Why do opinions become more extreme during group polarization?
4.) How is gr
Psychology Chapter 12 Lesson 1 and 3 Notes
Instinct and Drive Reduction Theories
A. Motivation and emotion studies that underlying reasons for human behavior.
B. Motivation plays various roles in our life, the different ways we
Page 349 Critical Thinking.
1.) What impact does the environment in which a child develops have on his or her
If a child is brought up in a stable house with a loving environment, they may be m
Chapter 19 Notes
People who congregate but do not interact are not considered a group but rather an aggregate.
Interaction is the key factor in forming a group.
Several people who interact form a group.
To be classified as a group, a collection of people
1.) Which theory of motivation suggests that all human motives are extensions of basic
Drive reduction theory
2.) Explain the difference between intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic means internal or inside of yoursel
Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Encoding- the transforming of information so the nervous system can process it
Storage- the process by which information is maintained over a period of time
Retrieval- the process of obtaining information that
Chapter 16 Psychology Notes
Defining and Diagnosing
Abnormal behavior and mental disorders are not the same thing but how are they
When trying to define mental disorders we must look at point of view?
Is the behavi
according to Carl Rogers
, what three things must
exist for a person to be
Define corpus callosum
a broad band of nerve
fibers joining the two
hemispheres of the brain.
after conducting experiements with rats,
Karl Lashley concluded memories are
distribute where in the brain?
throughout the cortex
the process of grouping items
to make them easier
the act of filling in memory
obsequious flattery; excessive
admiration or praise.
(of relations between people) having a
spirit of friendliness; without serious
disagreement or rancor.
showing great care and
a band of tissues that divides the
two hemispheres of the brian
chemical messages that are
sent through the blood stream
name the two parts of the
brain and spinal cord
long thin nerve tissue along which
Describe the function of the rods and
Rods control light sensitivity (light and
dark), cones control color.
Explain extra-sensory perception.
The idea that perception can take place
outside the five senses. An example would
be clairvoyance, seeing
certain specific means which the
ego protects itself
not accepting what has happened
Describe the functions of Ego
Referred to as the referee between the
ID and Super Ego, "reality principle",
Describe the functi
regard with disgust and
repeal or do away with (a law,
right, or formal agreement).
a story, poem, or picture that can be
interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning,
typically a moral or political one.
extreme greed for
When and where was Sacagawea born?born c. 1788, near the Continental Divide at the
present-day Idaho-Montana border [U.S.]
2. There are two possible pronunciations for her name Sacagawea(with a hard g)
means _bird woman_, while Sacajawea means _boat la
Psychology: Chapter 14
Freud also identified what became known as defense mechanisms when we are
experiencing an emotional or psychological conflict or anxiety we use theses
defense to protect our mental self.
They are helpful only when used
The Brain and Nervous System
Neurons vary in size and shape, depending on their location and function.
More than 200 types have been identified in mammals.
The purpose of the axon is to speed the transition.
Chapter 14 Critical Thinking Questions:
Why might a theorist be interested in finding out why some people are more outgoing or social
To see different personality types and learn why they are the way they are.
How have the different environme
Psychology Notes 8/30
Psychology is the discipline concerned with the behavior and mental
processes of an organism. (everything that people think, feel and do.)
Behavior is an external action we can observe. Mental processes are
emotions and thoughts.
Humanistic Perspective on Personality
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) studied how the process of personality
develops in healthy individuals. He discovered:
Personality traits develop as people work toward self-fulfil