1. Explain the subjugation of women during the Song Dynasty:
a. Rapid economic growth tightened patriarchal restrictions on women and to restore
some Han concepts of female submission. Confucian writers highlighted the
subordination of women to men. They
1. How did the operation of the Indian Ocean trading network differ from that
of the Silk Roads?
o Indian Ocean did what the Silk Road did, but by sea. Like the Silk
Roads, oceanic trade also grew out of the vast environmental and
cultural diversities of
a.i. The elite culture of Vietnam borrowed heavily form China adopting
Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, administrative techniques, the exam
system, & artistic literary styles. Vietnam achieved political
independence while participating fully in
1. Explain how the status of women changed in the Islamic society.
Physical manifestation of their subjugation is reflected by the veil.
Had to be with husband if in public
2. What accounts for the widespread conversion to Islam?
o The r
a.i. The camelcould make the long trek across the Sahara. Could make the
long journey across the Sahara. The Sahara was no longer a barrier to
commerce and cross-cultural interaction. It became an international trade
route that fostered new relationships
a. A formal division of the Roman Empire into eastern and western halves occurred
in the late 4th century c.e.
b. The western empire collapsed in the fifth century
c. The eastern half survived another 1000 years.
d. The eastern empire contained the ancien
Physically detached from other trade because of geographic location. It wouldnt be in the center
of trade until Columbuss voyages.
Internally, Europes geography made political unity difficult. It was a region in which population
centers were divided by mo
1. What replaced the Roman order in Western Europe?
The Feudal System
Regional kingdomsVisigoths, Franks, Lombards, Angles a nd Saxons, arose to replace
Many of these Germanic peoples, originally organized in small kinship based tribes wit
1. What impact did international trade have on south China?
a. Chinas Indian Ocean trade.
b. Merchants achieved a degree of social acceptance not known before, including
their frequent appointment to high-ranking bureaucratic positions.
c. China transform
Most other world religions established from great civilizations Christianity and Islam, by
contrast emerged from the margins of the Mediterranean and Middle East
Giving to Caesar
with is Caesars
and to God what is