o Excessive accumulation of body fat
o Most American women feel that they weigh more than what men would
o The city of Framingham, Ma had an obesity problem.
Framington Heart Study
o Showed that poor nutrition is a leading factor in the dev
Cancer fighting foods
o Light-absorbing pigments that give carrots, tomatoes, and other foods their
color and are rich in vitamins.
Consuming vegetables, fruits, and grains is also helpful.
Environmental and Occupational Hazards
Causes of Diabetes
Infection, diet, stress
Diathesis-stress model of disease- happens because response to challenging
Type 1: requires insulin
Type 2: good nutrition, exercising, and staying healthy.
A set of diseases in which
Framingtons risk factors for cardiovascular disease
Set a new standard by monitoring the health of people while they were alive
Every 2 years the participants go back for a check-up.
Identified 2 basic categories of risk factors for CVD:
Healthy Heart- when the vessels and the circulatory system are functioning
Disorders of the heart and blood vessel system, including strokes and coronary
There are two causes of Cardiovascular disease (CV
Models of Addiction
Biomedical models: Addiction as Disease
View physical dependence as a chronic brain disease caused by the biological
effects of psychoactive drugs.
o The rate of agreement between a pair of twins for a given trait; a
Addiction, Dependence, and Tolerance
o A pattern of behavior characterized by physical as well as possible
psychological dependence on a drug as well as development of tolerance.
o A state in which the body and mind have adjust
Community strategies- 6 categories
1. Promote the availability of affordable healthy food and beverages
2. Support healthy food and beverage choices
3. Encourage breast feeding
4. Encourage physical activity or limit sedentary activity among children and
Leptin- the weight-signaling hormone monitored by the hypothalamus as an
index of body fat
The biological basis of weight regulation
Increased feelings of hunger have also been linked to an increase in the number of
fat cells or adipocytes.
Women can have fetal alcohol syndrome, which is a cluster of birth defects that
include facial abnormalities, low intelligence, etc.
Alcohol makes you feel cheerful, confident, etc
o False sense of confidence and freedom from s