The 4 fundamental roles of an artist are:
1. Artists help us to see the world in new or innovative ways.
Example: Cai Guo-Qiang in Project to Extend the Great Wall of
China by 10,000 Meters.
2. Artists make a visual record of the people, places, and even
o Virgin of the Rocks
Another painting that utilized Sfumato
Objects become more blue the further they get in a painting
Contrasts between light and dark became less distinct in the
o Psychological Realism
o 13th-14th century
o Giotto- Father of Western Pictorial Art
o Madonna Enthroned
o Tempura on wood panel Alterpiece
o Hierarchy of scale= Mary is lasrgest
o Chiaroscuro- modeling of light and dark.
o One-point linear perspective
Lines are drawn on the picture plane in such a way as to represent
parallel lines receding to a single point on the viewers horizon.
o Two-point linear perspective
When there are two vanishing points
o Positive Space
Outline and Contour
The edge of a shape or figure depicted by an actual line drawn or
painted on the surface.
o Contour line
Slow, steady, studied line. Takes observation.
o An example of horizontal and vertical lines combined is the Parthenon
Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917
It was scandalous because it was a porcelain urinal.
Now it is looked at as a masterpiece.
Maya Lin, Vietnam Memorial, 1982
Every soldier who died got his name put on the wall.
People thought it was an insult to the soldiers
Realistic vs. Naturalistic
Realistic art is more appealing to the eye.
Naturalistic art is a brand of representation in which the artist retains realistic
Composition- arrangement of subject matter
Subject matter- everything in the painting.
The ability to communicate why you like a visual image.
Shirin Neshat, Rebellious Silence, from the series Women of Allah, 1994
Subject vs. subject matter (everything in the painting)
Farsi text- female po
Part of being Fully Human:
Ability to create-specific to human beings.
Need to appreciate what it is made from- driving force throughout history.
Art is NOT something apart from us.
It grows from our experiences, feelings, insights.
Obstacles for apprecia
Disciplined toward his art. He is committed and unconventional.
His younger work portrayed family, love, and Spanish culture.
His early work was: traditional, classic, conservative, academic.
When he went to France, his work barely stood out