Does Complementary and Alternative Medicine Work?
o A component of oriental medicine in which fine needles are inserted into
the skin in order to relieve pain, treat addiction, and illness to promote
o Classical acupuncture identifies
Three Ideals of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Three ideals: provide treatment that is natural, that is holistic, and that promotes
Most of CAM involves the existence of a life force, Qi, which flows through
every cell of the body
Surgery, Electrical stimulus, and therapy
Analgesia in which one pain (ex: pulled muscle) is relieved by
creating another counteracting sensation (such as rubbing near the
site of the injury).
o Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimul
Opioid antagonist that binds to opioid receptors in the body
to block the effects of natural opiates and painkillers.
Are involved in the experience of pain. They are proteins
produced by the immune system.
to 1/3 of
Slow nerve fibers
Small, unmyelinated nerve fibers that carry dull, aching
Activated by chemical changes that occur in damaged body
The chemical changes lower the threshold of BOTH types
of nerves, making them more responsive to further
o A condition in which a chronic pain sufferer becomes more sensitive to
pain over time.
o It may also facilitate recovery by stimulating recuperative behaviors.
Example: When you have the flu, you feel weak and achy, which drives
you back t
o Lazarus 3-stage model of coping
Appraise the stressor
Learn how to deal with the stressor
o A study showed 8 year old boys and girls showing 3 types coping.
Taking deep breathes, and
o Continuity of care
You get to see the same doctor every time
Doctor answers questions and communicates.
o Quality of consultation
Health care that seeks to control costs by eliminati
People avoid seeing the doctor because they feel that one day off or some over the
counter medicine can fix it.
Age and Gender
Very young and very old people utilize health services more.
Women are more likely to repor
People tend to focus on secondary prevention, action to identify to treat an illness.
INSETAD of primary prevention, which is actions to prevent the disease in the
o A cooperative form of health care in which physicians, p