Education and the Environment
Orr, What is education for?
Society has progressed but education has not we are still stuck in old values
Our modern definition of success
o Good job (reputation)
o Money $
o Ability to have nice things (materialistic)
Stewardship with Nature
Hardin: The Tragedy of the Commons
Common property (no ownership)
o The tragedy is that human natures approach to the commons is rational
The freedom to reproduce is destructing the ENV
3 Turning Points in American History
Plymouth Rock (The European arrival)
a) Before they came the land was tamed and maintained sustainably
by the Native Americans
b) William Cronon states that they brought what they knew from
Europe and assumed
Steinbergs Thesis: Nature plays a major role in the history of America. Nature has
agency in the development of American history, not the backdrop.
A functioning nature is critical for a functioning society.
Mans conquest of nature, turns out, in the mome
Domination Over Nature
a. Hughes: Gaia Gaia (Earth Goddess)
An entity that has physical/human form
All of our actions are abstract (not intentional)
The earth is a living organism
We are part of a larger whole (e.g. The Greeks)
The earths repairs its
Conflicting Values in Modern Society
We are confident that growing technology will overcome resource constraints.
a. Growing populations compete for limited resources.
b. For the poor food, health, and employment are more immediate than concerns
Conservation vs. Preservation
Muir vs. Pinchot
EFFICIENCY, careful use, sustainable, utilitarian
Scientific movement aimed at efficiency
No alteration to wilderness, cleansed of human intervention