Glucose is primary source of energy, transported by blood, entry into cells by insulin
Insulin secreted by cells of islets of Langerhans in pancreas
Hyperglycemia results from bad production of insulin, inability of body to use insulin
Stage 1 Lightest level of sleep
Stage 2 Period of sound sleep 10-20mins
Stage 3 Initial stages of deep sleep 15-30mins
Stage 4 Deepest stage of sleep 15-30mins
REM Sleep Stage of vivid full color dreaming 90mins
Pain is Subjective
BARIUM ENEMA- NPO after midnight, drink one glass of water every hour for 8-10.
Administer a suppository or cleansing enema. Administer milk of mag 2oz after. Poop
will be white.
BONE MARROW ASPIRATION-Written Consent, remain very still, monitor for SS of
Weight regulation is influenced by Genetics, Physiology, Environment, and Lifestyle.
Primary regulation occurs in brain-hypothalamus.
Grehlin is a hormone in stomach and signals hypothalamus
Fat Cell Theory-Obesity related to having too many fat cells and
Risk Nursing Diagnosis-A clinical judgment that an individual, family, or community is
more vulnerable to develop the problem than others in the same situation.
Possible Nursing Diagnosis Risk related to
Syndrome Nursing Diagnosis Cluster, post-trauma syn
Incubation Period-The time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until
Prodromal Stage early signs of infection
Illness Stage different functions are impaired
Convalescence Stage Symptoms of infection disappear
Provide no energy
ADEK are Fat Soluble
Avitaminosis is without vitamins
Vitamin A retinol. Regulates immune system, vision and reproduction. Antioxidant,
Xerophthalmia eye disease lack of Vitamin A
Vitamin D Skin. Promotion of
Lipids and Fats 5
A,D,E,K are fat soluble vitamins.
Adipose tissue protects organs and bones.
Visible Fats Bought and used as fats. Butter and cooking oils.
Invisible Fats Meats, Whole Milk, Cheese, Fried Foods
Triglycerides- Phospholipids Sterols
Tri 3 F
Live 30 to 45 days without food. 10 to 14 without water.
Fluid within the cells is Intracellular Fluid, 65% of body fluid Intravascular contains
Extracellular 35 % (water in the bloodstream)
Sodium maintains fluid balance in extracellular fluid
Nutrition Assignment 3
A.G. is an 80-year-old male standing at 57 and weighing 190lbs. His
Body Mass Index is 29.8, making him overweight. He has no past history of
high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, or heart cholesterol. His d
Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and
abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4
to 7 days, and most recover without treatment. However the diarrhea may be
so severe that the patient
Weight gained during prego is 25-35lbs. 1st trimester 2-4lbs. 1lb per week.
Excess Vitamin A can cause birth defects.
A common form of Anemia is caused by lack of iron
High blood pressure, edema, albumin in pee are symptoms of pregnancy i
Essential nutrients body cannot make.
Protein and Calcium Build and Repair
Mono Glu, Fruc, Galactose -Di Suc, Lac, Maltose- Poly-Starch, glycogen, diet fiber
Fiber 21-38 a day
Glycogen=storage of carbs, found in liver
Fats are insoluble in wa
Minerals ch 8
Elements of the human body Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen = 96% of body
Minerals are inorganic element- build tissue, regulate body fluids, assist body functions.
They are found in water and natural food.
Enriched Foods-Foods w added
RespAcid pH low Co2 high. RespAlk is opposite caused by hypervent
Water provides an Extracellular transportation route to deliver nutrients to the cells and
carry waste products from the cells
% of Body Weight That Is Water
External respiration takes place at most distal point in airway: between the alveolar.
Internal at the cellular level between hemoglobin and body cells
Arterial blood gases measue partial pressure of Oxygen dissolved in plasma and % of
Maintain volume and composition of body fluids.
Synthesize and secrete certain hormones as needed
Maintaining fluid, acid-base, and electrolyte balance.
Nephrons Working Parts
Glomerulus Filtering Unit
Ureters transport liquid waste
Cardiovascular Disease CVD. Leading cause of death and disability
Metabolic syndrome puts PT at risk for CVD and Type 2 diabetes
Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors= hyperlipidemia, obesity, high BP.
Acute=Myocardial infraction (MI) also known as heart at
Vital Signs ch 4
Temp Pulse Respirations Blood Pressure
The basis for problem solving, checked every 8 hrs
A rise in temp of 1 F may cause an increase in pulse rate of 4 BPM.
BP falls bc of hemorrhage, the pulse and respirations increase and the temp decr
1 out of 1 points
A cumulaative condition is one that develops:
1 out of 1 points
Tiny hair-like structures in the small intestine through which
nutrients are absorbed are called:
The Primary source of energy for the body, provide half of the calories in people.
1gm of Carbs = 4 Calories
Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides
Mono is the simplest forms of carbs.
Glucose Berries and Corn syrup. Carbs
Toxins affecting mucous membranes
Toxins affecting the nervous system
Deadliest of food poisonings; caused by the
bacteria Clostidium botulinum
Diease caused by the parasitic roundworm
Trichinella spiralis; can be transmi