Types of Rocks (Chapter Four) Vocabulary
Dense, Dark colored igneous rock formed from magma rich in magnesium and iron but poor in
Sedimentary rock forming process in which large sediments are held together by natural cem
Continental Drift and Plates (Chapter Nine) Vocabulary
A hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had once been joined to form a single
supercontinent; The supercontinent broke into pieces, which drifted into their present
Maps and Poles (Chapter Three) Vocabulary
one set of circles describes positions north and south of the equator
the angular distance north or south of the equator
used to establish east and west locations
Volcanoes (Chapter Ten) Vocabulary
Hot solid mantle rock rises because it is less dense then the surrounding rock
Ring of fire volcanoes
Long belt of volcanoes that circles much of the Pacific Ocean
Rock Characteristics (Chapter Two) Vocabulary
Type of layering (foliation) found in some metamorphic rocks that is caused by the movement or
growth of mineral into homogeneous layers.
attachment between atoms and molecules
mineral or a
Earthquakes (Chapter Eight) Vocabulary
the study of earthquakes
the process in which hot material rises because it is less dense than cooler material
solid dense part of our planet that reaches over 6000 degrees Celsius
Resources (Chapter Five) Vocabulary
any natural material that is used by humans, such as water, petroleum, minerals, forests and
a natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at which the resource is
Water Cycle (Chapter Six) Vocabulary
The constant movement of water among the oceans, the atmosphere, and the biosphere.
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through cracks and pore spaces.
When plants abs
Weather and Erosion (Chapter Seven) Vocabulary
Process By Which Rocks And Minerals Undergo Changes In There Composition Due To
Chemical Reactions With Agents Such As Acids, Water, Oxygen, And Carbon Dioxide.
Movement Of Weather
Introduction to Earth Science (Chapter One) Vocabulary
The name for all the sciences that collectively seek to understand Earth; It includes geology,
oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy.
The science that examines Earth, its form