Introduction to Computer Science Abbreviations and Systems Study Guide
Measurement of the amount of time it takes the process to read data, instructions, and
information from memory.
ALU (Arithmetic and Logic Unit)
Component of a processor tha
Introduction to Computer Science Operating Systems and Motion Study
MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group)
Digital video compression; generally produces better-quality video than competing formats.
OCR (Optical Character Recognition)
Input device that
Introduction to Computer Science Processing Test Study Guide
Performs one job at a time with no user interaction.
Allows for user interaction. Can perform multiple jobs at a time (multitask)
Introduction to Computer Science Cards and Clock Speed (Chapter Eight)
a socket on the motherboard that can hold an adapter card.
Another name for Adapter card?
A circuit board that enhances functions
Introduction to Computer Science Memory Types (Chapter Seven)
The system unit
is a case that contains electronic components of the computer used to process data.
Who have system units?
All computers and mobile devices.
Processer is also called?
Introduction to Computer Science Computer Categories (Chapter Six)
The circuitry of the system unit is usually is part of or connected to?
Two main components of the motherboard?
The processor and memory.
Another name for the p
Introduction to Computer Science Computer Risk and Crimes (Chapter
computer security risk
is any event or action that could cause a loss of or damage to computer hardware, software, data,
information, or processing capability
Introduction to Computer Science Binary System and Input (Chapter Nine)
Is a number system that has just two unique digits, 0 and 1 called bits
A Byte can represent a combination of how many individual Characters?
Introduction to Computer Science Providers and Service (Chapter Three)
Internet Service Provider A regional or national access provider
Online Service Provider
OSP provides Internet access in addition to members-only features, such as insta
Introduction to Computer Science Management and Advanced Softwares
(Chapter Five) Vocabulary
Example of document Management
Portable Document format
Helps companies record and report their financial transactions
Web page author
Introduction to Computer Science Software and Databases (Chapter Four)
1) To make business activities more efficient
2) To assist with graphics and multimedia projects
30 to support home, personal and educational tasks
Introduction to Computer Science Input and Output (Chapter One)
a device through which the computer reads information
a device through which the computer gives us information
manipulates and removes data, interprets inst
Introduction to Computer Science Portals and the Internet (Chapter Two)
Web site that offers a variety of Internet services from single location.
a collaborative Web site that allows users to create, add to, modify or delete the Web
A.P. Computer Science Introduction to Computer Science, Packages
(Chapter One) Study Guide
In Java, related classes are grouped into _.
import package name.*;
To import all of the classes in a package called "package name", use the form.
A.P. Computer Science Arithmetic Mode and Methods (Chapter Five) Study
when you are out of range of a numeric data type; if you add one to the max value, it goes back
to the min value
Mixed mode arithmetic
The less inclusive data
A.P. Computer Science Loops and For Statements (Chapter Six) Study
extended assignment operator
e.g. a += 3 means a = a + 3; format is variable op= expression;
what is + next to a variable
what is - next to a va
A.P. Computer Science Classes and Error Types (Chapter Seven) Study
writing a program
uses interacting objects
description of a task
a written plan, an overview of the
A.P. Computer Science Data Types and Objects (Chapter Four) Study Guide
Primitive data types
A category of data types which includes numbers (integer and floating point), characters, and
Booleans (true/false); combined in expressions involving operators
A.P. Computer Science Expressions, Coding Need to Knows (Chapter
Two) Study Guide
compound boolean expressions
Logical operators are applied to boolean expressions to form _.
A.P. Computer Science Statics, Void, and References (Chapter Three) Study
A(n) _ variable contains a value that is shared by all instances of the class.
_ variables in a class cannot be changed.
public void method_name(parameter_
A.P. Computer Science Procedures and General Methods (Chapter Eight)
A set of programming language statements that perform a task.
A type of program where data items are passed from one procedure to another.
A.P. Computer Science Arrays and Interface (Chapter Ten) Study Guide
Holds multiple values of the same data type simultaneously.
Indicates the number of elements or values an array can hold.
A number that identifies a cert
A.P. Computer Science Nesting and Code Coverage (Chapter Nine) Study
a value at which two equivalence classes meet
a multiplicative growth
Complete code coverage
a set of tests in which every line in a prog
Java Java Data and Packages (Chapter Seven) Study Guide
Removing the decimal portion of a number when casting a double to an int
Converting a number from one type to a different type.
A name for a memory location that stores
Java Introduction to Coding (Chapter One) Study Guide
The physical machine.
All the different kinds of programs used to give instructions to the computer.
A set of instructions for the computer.
processor/CPU/central processing u
Java Values and Expressions (Chapter Three) Study Guide
Boolean values of true and false
Logical Boolean Expression
An expression that evaluates to true or false
What is the memory allocated for a Boolean data type?
The memory allocated for
Java Data Types (Chapter Two) Study Guide
set of rules, symbols, and special words used to construct programs
tell you which statements (instructions) are legal, or accepted by the programming language or
Java Java Expressions and Operators (Chapter Eight) Study Guide
An expression that evaluates to true or false
Compound Boolean Expression
An expression that includes more than one Boolean expression
Conditional Control Structure
Java Statements and Errors (Chapter Six) Study Guide
Abstract data type
A class. A data type that can store data and methods.
An exception thrown when division by 0 occurs.
A statement that gives the vari
Java Specific Coding Conditions (Chapter Ten) Study Guide
A situation that arises when the computer's memory cannot represent the number resulting from
an arithmetic operation.
A value at which two equivalence classe