LITERARY PERIODS AND THEIR
Written in plain
of the Bible and
It's possible to analyze, question, interpret, synthesize, and evaluate the literary works
you read in the course of pondering, analyzing and discussing them. Literary criticism is
the field of study which systematizes this sort of activity, and several c
The rapid growth of the nation brought with it an upsurge of national pride and identity.
Improved transportation helped bind the old and the new states together. Canals, turnpikes, and
railroads boomed during this period. Steamboats and sailing packets h
"Existentialist writers are characterized by their concern with 'being,' which contrasts not
only with knowing but also with abstract concepts, which cannot fully capture what is
individual and specific." They point out that "the individua
1. If you are planning on writing an essay on how you survived poverty in
Russia, your mother's suicide, your father's kidnapping, or your immigration
to America from Asia, you should be careful that your main goal is to
address your own personal qualitie
Even seemingly boring topics can be made into exceptional admissions essays with an innovative
approach. In writing the essay you must bear in mind your two goals: to persuade the admissions officer
that you are extremely worthy of admission and to make t
The Civil War and its aftermath left Americans less certain about the future than ever before,
diminishing their belief in a unity of national purpose. The buoyant spirits of Emerson and the
wild imaginings of Poe seemed out of date to many, e
1. Psychological Criticism:
This approach reflects the effect that modern psychology has had upon both
literature and literary criticism.
Fundamental figures in psychological criticism include Sigmund Freud,
whose "psychoanalytic theories changed our no
The Puritans were religious reformers, critical of the Church of England. Having given up
hope of purifying the church from within, they chose instead to withdraw from the church.
This action earned them the name Separatists. We know them as the Pilgrims.
Realism (Mark Twain)
A literary reaction against what it saw as the excess and delusions of the romantics,
realism seeks to view humans not as gods or demons, not as damned sinners or reasoning
machines, but as ordinary-sized humans. Realistic literature
Fcign: (V) uto imitate deceptively; to make believe; pretend.
Supercilious: (Adj) having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one
views as unworthy. -
Conscientious: (Adj) -meticulous; careful; painstaking; particul