1. Anabaptists A radical Protestant group that advocated for the baptism of
adults only. They were strongly persecuted both by Catholics and other
Protestants. Munster became an Anabaptist City but was attacked soon
2. Michael Servetus A Spaniard w
1. 95 Theses Posted by Martin Luther on the Castle Church Doors of
Wittenberg, these were a list of grievances against the corruption of the
Catholic Church. Specifically referenced was the sale of indulgences by
Tetzel, causing sales to plummet.
1. Tomas de Torquemada He was appointed by Isabella as the head of the
Spanish Inquisition. His efforts helped keep Spain Catholic, loyal to the
Vatican, and converted Jews and Muslims which helped keep Spain
resistant to the Reformation.
1. Classical Used to define great pieces of art or literature, humanists
brought back the studying of Greek classics. These works helped fulfill a
longing for learning and help to continue advancements in Europe.
2. Leonardo Bruni A humanist that gave the
1. Protestant Reformation A movement that originated in Germany that
led to the eventual split of the Catholic Church. The movement started in
1517 with the posting of Martin Luthers 95 Theses, which condemned the
selling of indulgences. Supporters of the
1. Renaissance Occurring between the 14th and 15th centuries, the
Renaissance was a rebirth of learning and the shift of replacing religious
belief with scientific ones. In the Italian city-states, nobles competed for
artwork. The spread of knowledge occu
1. Catherine of Aragon The daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain,
she was married to Henry VIII. After failing to provide him with a male
heir, he divorced in 1533. The Pope at the time was a prisoner of her
nephew, Charles V, so no official divorce
1. Mayans/Aztecs Both were dominant empires in Central America that were
overthrown by the Spanish. The Mayans had one of the largest urban centers in the
2. Cortes/Montezuma Montezuma of the Aztecs conquered surroundings tribes
and enslaved them.
1. Donatello A Renaissance sculptor that portrayed the complexity of his
subject matter. Many of his sculptures were about displaying the world
more naturally but would be considered extremely unothordox.
2. Pope Julius II (r. 1503-1505) Known as the warr
1. Council of Trent (1545-1563) Called by Pope Paul and witnessed by 4
different popes, this council met 3 times over 18 years in Trent, Italy. The
council voted on reforms concerning church discipline and simony. The
major problem was that the vast major