5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This chapter presents the summary and the recommendations made based on research results.
It shows a brief summary of findings of various variables and the regression relationship as
analysed in the model.
CHERUTICH KIPCHUMBA BENSON
DECLARATION OF SUPERVISOR
This report has been forwarded with my approval as the supervisor
This report is dedicated to all small scale maize producers in Metkei division of Keiyo Sou
My sincere gratitude goes to Mr. Saina, lecturer Moi University who is my supervisor for his
cordial support and guidance that ensured completion of this research. I also acknowledge
my entire family for
their financial support. I also giv
. The crop also contributes to about 80% employment opportunities both directly and
indirectly, and has improved most of the livelihoods.
The objective of the study was to determine socio-economic factors which influence maize
production; that is price in
use of Statistical package for Social Scientist (SPSS) software.
Finding and results were used to make recommendation that are of importance in
improvement of Agricultural maize sub-sector in Metkei division as well as to develop long
of maize if not well managed. It also shows that delayed planting always leads to reduced yields of 12% every planting is delayed (AIC, 2002). Weed control and fertilizer application is also another
aspect which contribute to low maize production for inst
Z=z-value example 1.96 for 95% confidence level
P=Percentage choice expressed as decimal, 0.5 used for sample
D=confidence interval expressed as decimal 5% =0.05
If Z=1.96 for 5% confident level
Ss=1.962 x 0.5x 0.5 = 384
the markup to decrease.
d. Suppose the proportion of part-time workers in the economy decreased. What
effect would that have on the relative bargaining power of workers, and thus on z
and the natural rate of unemployment?
e. What value of z would restore
X1 = Gender of the house hold head
X2 = Age of household head
X3 = Farm size
Xn = other factors e.g education level
TABLE 1: Description and measurem
ent of variables
No. of people
is given by
1-Pi1= F (Ii) =
The logit model assumes the underlying index zi is a random variable that predicts probability
of the farmers decisions to ch
oose hybrid wheat seeds.
3.8.1Assumptions of the Study
Most farmers in Timau division did not use hyb
4.0 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
This chapter contains data analysis, findings and discussion of the study. It contains two
sections. Section 4.1 shows descriptive statistics and frequencies on the distribution of
various social and economic factors. Section 4.
Table 1 below shows the gender distribution of the sampled farmers. From the sample, 57.5%
were male while 42.5% were female. This shows that most of the wheat production decisions
in Timau are made by men.
Table 1: Gender
The majority number of male respondents shows that most forming decisions, and hence
adoption decisions, are done by men. Therefore it should be expected that adoption level will
be high as the number of male farmers increases.
4.1.2 Education level of th
Source: Research data
Farmers who produce for commercial use will tend to use the new varieties of wheat so as to
increase their yield for optimum
subsistence compared with those with large pieces of land, who produce for commercial
purpose. The size of land reflects this purpose. Thereof it is expected that farmers who
produce for commercial will adopt the new variety to increase sales volume.
From the table below, most of the farmers used family labour, which accounted for 45%.
Only 12.5% used mechanized labour while the rest, 42.5%, used hired labour.
Table 5: Type of labour
The high level of hybrid seeds use may be attributed to the large number of farmers who
were given information by extension officers. This information includes the type of hybrid
h enabled them to adopt.
4.1.8 Access to Credit
Source: Research data
This shows that the financial
ability of the farmers is improved and therefore they are able to take care of risks and
uncertainties associated with the new wheat varieties.
4.1.8 If the information offered from extension as
family labour while most large scale will use hired and mechanized labour. Commercial
producers will use machines for timely production.
4.1.7 Extension Services
The table below shows that 85% of the sample farmers received extension services while the
Table 7: Adoption level
Source: Research Data
Source: Research data
4.2 AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING ADOPTION OF
IMPROVED WHEAT VARIETY; LOG
varieties to increase their output.
Type of labour used
There was a p
ositive relationship between the type of labour used in wheat production and the adoption of
new seed varieties. The correlation coefficient was 3.115. This implies that as the farmer
The regression coefficient of the relationship between farmers access to extension services
and the level of the technolo
gy adoption was 2.561 and was significant at 5% level. This showed that the more the farmer
is accessed to extension services, the hi
Access to extension Visited or not visited
0 not visited
Age of the household No of years
0 < 25
1 25 35
2 36 45
Income in Kshs.
0 below 10,000
1 10,000 20,000
2 > 20,000
No of ye
MANAGEMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT IN
PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF A
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
(AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT)
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT)
Maize is the most important stable food in Ke
nya and therefore widely grown in the country and features prominently in the diet of the majority of
the people. Although the crop is believed to have been introduced at the Coast during the 16 th and 17th
Physiology and Ecology
Statistical Package for Social Scientist
Kilograms per Hectares
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Land tenure: Refers to a set of rights which a person or organization holds in order to
Maize is also an important livestock feed both as silage and as crop grain and is also used industrially
for starch and oil extraction climatic conditions, soil and water management. Maize is a versatile
crop grown across a range of agro ecol