1. How was classical conditioning first studied, and what are the important elements
and characteristics of classical conditioning?
Classical conditioning was first studied by Pavlov in a laboratory setting. Important elements
of classical conditioning in
1. What defines psychology as a field of study and what are psychology's four primary
Psychology studies mental processes and behaviors. Psychology's four primary goals are to
describe, explain, predict, and influence behavior.
2. How did structura
the _ viewpoint.
which of the following.
the person's motivation
vicki is sailing.
expecting to see.
1. How do psychologists define motivation, and what are the key elements of the early instinct and drive-reduction approaches to motivation?
Motivation is the sum of influences that account for the initiation, direction, intensity, and persistence of beha
according to darwin *
antwan enjoys calm *
vern was quite nervous
grandma got run over
sexual problems *
which of the following is not *
Unit VII Study Guide
1. What does it mean to be conscious, and are there different levels of consciousness?
Being conscious means being aware of external stimuli and one's own mental activity. The different levels of consciousness are conscious, noncons
Unit VII Key Terms
1. Encoding: the process of acquiring information and entering it into memory
2. Acoustic encoding: mental representation of information as a sequence of sounds
3. Visual encoding: mental representation of information as images
UNIT VII 96/100
paul uses _
in the 1960s and
animals can't have language
"quickly smoking musicians
janis was at the mall
derek is mowing
you see a phone number
the two basic elements
1. What arguments support intelligence as one general mental ability, and what arguments support the idea of multiple distinct abilities?
The correlation between scores of test that examine different types of mental ability being high supports the idea of
Unit VI Key Terms
1. Cognitive ability: the capacity to reason, remember, understand, solve problems, and
2. Intelligence: attributes centered around skill at information processing, problem solving,
and adapting to new and chan
delenn is interested
jack has great difficulty
when pierre was ten
at a school board meeting
you are developing an
paco takes a test
while taking her chemis
1. What are some of the special research methods used to study development?
The longitudinal design, the cross-sectional design, and thte cross sequential design. In the longitudinal design, the same child is examined at different ages. In the cross-secti
Unit V Key Terms
1. Developmental psychology: psychology with a focus of the social, emotional, moral, and
intellectual development in a life span
2. Maturation: a type of natural growth that occurs in a fixed sequence independent of the
ronnie likes to.
by one month.
while at a friend's.
harriet, the monkey.
refusal to eat
alexis and her.
2 to 8; embryonic
because lawrence kohlberg.
caring and relationships
piaget felt that.
1. How does sensation travel through the central nervous system, and why are some sensations ignored?
Sensory nerves transfer the neural activity produced by energy to the central nervous system. The thalamus processes and relays the activity to the cereb
Unit IV Key Terms
1. Sense: a system of the body that translates information from outside the nervous system
into neural activity for the nervous system to understand
2. Sensations: messages from the senses
3. Accessory structures: structures that modify
the _ sense is the only one that
lenelle has been prescribed
plug her nose
the likelihood principle
the computational approach
if you were to lose
ben and jennifer got
noticing the details
a blending of th
1. What are neurons, and how do they transmit information?
Neurons are the fundamental units of the nervous system. Neurons transmit information through
2. How do nerve cells communicate with other nerve cells?
Nerve cells send neurotran
Unit III Key Terms
1. Biological psychology: the study of cells and organs in the body and the physical and
chemical changes involved in behavior and mental processes
2. Nervous system: the cells that make up the brain, spinal cord, and other nerve fibers
the immune system
both systems depend
a neuron sums
the human brain appears
allow a greater surface
through a system
what type of psychologist
the two major types
neurons and glial cell
Unit II Key Terms
1. Learning: the process of modifying behavior and understanding through experience
2. Habituation: adapting to stimuli that is constant
3. Classical conditioning: a type of associative learning where a neutral stimulus repeatedly
Unit I Key Terms
1. Psychology: the study of mental processes and behavior
2. Positive psychology: the field of psychology that studies people's positive experiences
3. Biological psychologists: the field of psychology that studies the
2. are the same
3. an integrated set
5. convenience sample
8. the process of assessing
9. case study
12. description, prediction, control, explanation
13. "i must make my family
SEMESTER 1 FINAL 172/200
tim-tim is three
tim-tim can do conservation
sash and thom
murray is studying
identical twins reared apart
a researcher is interested
more recent research has
reducing and increasing
you notice movement