PRINCIPLES OF CIVIL LIBERTIES AND CIVIL RIGHTS
Distinction: Civil liberties involve basic freedoms (e.g., speech and religion), civil rights involve
protections against discriminatory treatment. Civil liberties are protected by Amendment 1. Civil
I. Intentions of Founders.
A. Fear of excessive power concentrated in single institution.
B. Fear of mob rule by impassioned majority.
C. Concern about manner of representation in Congress
D. Solution to these concerns: bicameral legislature.
INTRODUCTION TO THE FEDERAL COURTS
I. Types of law.
A. Statutory: deals w/written statutes (laws).
1. Based upon a system of unwritten law.
2. Unwritten laws are based upon precedents.
3. Judges rely upon the principle of stare decisis ("let th
STRUCTURE OF THE AMERICAN BUREAUCRACY
I. Bureaucracy: the agencies, departments, commissions, etc. within the executive branch.
II. Executive Office of the President: already covered (White House Staff, OMB, CEA, NSC).
III. Cabinet: 15 Cabinet Level Agenc
Interest Groups, Political Parties & Elections, Media
I. Interest group: group w/common interest that seeks to influence government.
II. Madison's dilemma: wanting both liberty and order: allowing people the liberty to form groups and
express their views