(1) Qualia- the brains representation of both the external world and the
bodys internal state.
(2) Consciousness theorists call these properties qualia the taste of
red wine, the look of lightning shimmering on water, the feeling of sudden
Central Nervous System brain/spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System somatic and autonomic
(sympathetic fight or flight/parasympathetic rest and
Cerebral cortex: outermost layer of cerebrum, composed of gray matter,
receives and pr
Encoding - The processing of information into the memory system
Ex) I remembered that I had honey-nut cheerios for breakfast this
morning even though I did not try to consciously remember it.
Effortful Processing Encoding that requires conscious ef
Ex: (1) Adrenaline the fight or flight hormone produced by the adrenal
glands in stressful situations. The hormone makes the heart beat faster
and the body sweat.
(2) I had a tendency to crack jokes compulsively in certain social
Neurotransmitters (Chemical messengers): chemicals that regulate
mental performance, emotions, and pain response
Acetylcholine: involved in cognitive functions, especially memory
major neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic system and
(1) Oxytocin- a molecule that plays an essential role in some of lifes
most profound events: falling in love, forming strong social attachments,
having a baby. This is released during life experiences that involve intense
emotional attachment: childbirth
(2) We now believe that this increased connectivity enable women to do a
better job than men at reconciling the sometimes conflicting interpretations
offered up by each hemisphere.
(3) p. 29
(1) Amygdala- part of the limbic system of the brain that plays
Brain Stem: lower extension of brain where it connects to the spinal cord,
contains cranial nerves, called reptilian brain, from primal survival instincts
Midbrain nerve pathways, auditory and visual reflex centers (pupil reflex
An anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories,
nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that
lingers for four weeks or more
Some of the most common obsessions are fear of contamination or
a serious illness, fixation on l
Anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts
(obsessions) and/ or unwanted and repetitive actions (compulsions).
More common among teens and young adults.
Affects about 3% of the US population.
OCD is as an anxiety d