General Bio 2 chapter 4 notes:
Define Fermentation - Is an anaerobic energy generating process.
Muscles cells, bacteria can oxidize NADH through what? - Lactic acid
Define Yeast - Single celled fungi that not only can use respiration for ene
General Bio 2 chapter 1 notes:
Pyrimidines - Thymine & Cytosine
DNA vs RNA DNA RNA Both
Deoxyribose Ribose Polymers
Double Stranded Single Stranded
Helix No Helix
Without Oxygen= H With Oxygen= OH
Semiconservative Replication - When DNA breaks a
General Bio 2 chapter 2 notes:
Mitochondria - Energy is not created nor destroyed.
Photosynthesis - Light energy to chemical energy.
Glucose - Is used to make ATP.
These uses photosynthesis process: - Plant, bacteria and algae.
Cellular Respiration - Is i
General Bio 2 chapter 5 notes:
Where does the citric acid cycle occur? - Mitochondria Matrix.
Oxidation Phosphorylation Function: - The electrons are shuttled through the
electron transport chain and ATP is generated.
Where does oxidation phosphorylation
General Bio 2 chapter 3 notes:
How is the cellular respiration equation helpful? - To show the changes in electron
What happens when Glucose loses hydrogen atoms? - It is converted into CO2.
Matrix - Is in the middle of the membrane.
General Bio 2 Chapter 6 notes:
Synthesis means? - Light energy is converted to chemical energy and stored in thr
chemical bonds of sugar molecules.
Two Stages of photosynthesis: - Are linked by ATP and NADPH.
Where are light energy converted ? - In the th
General Bio 2 chapter 9 notes:
Tetrad - Four chromatids.
Chiasma - Is a place where two homologous chromatids are attache each other.
Genetic Recombinations - The production of gene combinations different from
those carried by the original chromosomes.
General Bio 2 chapter 10 notes:
ATP Synthases - Protein complexes built into inner membrane that synthesize
What happens when you reduce two molecules of NAD+? - Forms two
molecules of NADH.
What happens after NADH is formed? - Two molecules of ATP i
General Bio 2 Chapter 7 notes:
Asexual reproduction - The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single
parent, without the participation of sperm and egg.
Chromosomes -Structures that contain most of the organisms DNA.
Binary Fission - Prokaryo
General Bio 2 chapter 8 notes:
Growth Factor - A protein secreted by certain body cells that stimulates other cells
Carcinomas - Cancer cells that originate in external or internal coverings of the
body such as skin or lining of intestine.