Conic Section Formulas
y = a(x-h)2 + k
If a > 0, opens up
If a < 0, opens down
Vertex: (h, k)
Focus: (h, k+p)
Directrix: y = k-p
Axis of Symmetry: x = h
x = a(y-k)2 + h
If a > 0, opens right
If a < 0, opens left
Vertex: (h, k)
Focus: (h+p, k)
The fragile foundation of American Constitutional democracy survives because each
generation has renewed its inherent values and principles, even during turbulent times at
home and abroad. Such was the case for America a
AP Biology Comprehensive Free Response Question List
A.P. BIOLOGY OUTLINE: CHEMISTRY OF LIFE
Organic Molecules in organisms
Free energy changes
(1968) Suppose that you have isolated an extract from a tissue and you have found that the extrac
Cell Membrane, Communication Possible Essay Questions
Answer the two chosen essays in space provided
1. Cells transport substances across their membranes. Choose THREE of the following
four types of cellular transport.
Explain how the following organelles work together to perform the life functions of the cell.
1. Nucleus and ribosomes
2. Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi bodies
3. Endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes
Welcome to AP Calculus AB
SUMMER REVIEW PACKET
You are receiving this packet because you are currently enrolled in AP Calculus AB for the 2013-2014 school
year with Mrs. Wood (formally known as Ms. Houghton ). Since this course covers almost a full year o
AP Biology: Sample Syllabus 1
Syllabus Number: 876030v1
Students and teachers use a recently published (within the last 10 years)
college-level biology textbook.
AP Free Response Questions
2008 AP Exam
1. Congressional reapportionment and redistricting - politicians often engage in
a) Define congressional reapportionment, explain
All living things-plants and animalsare composed of cells. According to the cell theory, the cell is
lifes basic unit of structure and function. This simply means that the cell is the smallest unit of living
material that can carry out all th
Although organisms exist in many diverse forms, they all have one thing in common: They are all
made up of matter. Matter is made up of elements. Elements, by definition, are substances that cannot
be broken down into simpler substances by chemi
AP Psychology Essay Prompts and
The enclosed document includes an essay prompt for each
unit in AP Psychology and a corresponding scoring rubric. The
purpose of this activity is to increase the students awareness of
how AP exam readers gra
AP Mid-Term FRQ REVIEW Scoring Guidelines
Membranes are important structural features of cells.
(a) Describe how membrane structure is related to the transport
of materials across a membrane.
(b) Describe the role of membranes in the synthesis of
Memory and Storage
(1968) Twistor Memory Bell Labs developed Twistor memory by
wrapping magnetic tape around a wire that conducts electrical current.
Bell Labs used Twistor tape between 1968 to the mid-1970s before it
was totally replaced by RAM chips
AP CALCULUS SUMMER ASSIGNMENT
The summer assignment can be found online at hippocampus.org. Navigate the site
in the following manner:
If you are taking AB:
1. In the google search box type www.hippocampus.org
AP CALCULUS AB and BC
sin + cos = 1
1 + tan 2 = sec 2
1 + cot 2 = csc 2
sin( ) = sin
cos( ) = cos
tan( ) = tan
sin( A + B ) = sin A cos B + sin B cos A
sin( A B ) = sin A cos B sin B cos A
TO SLEEP, NO DOUBT TO DREAM
Aserinsky, E, & Kleitman, N. (1953). Regularly occurring periods of eye mobility and concomitant phenomena
during sleep. Science, 118, 273-274. Dement, W. (1960). The effect of dream deprivation. Science, 131, 1705-1707.
WHAT YOU EXPECT IS WHAT YOU GET
Rosenthal, R., & Jacobson, L. (1966). Teachers' expectancies: Determinates of pupils' IQ gains. Psychological
Reports, 19, 115-118.
We are all familiar with the idea of the self-fulfilling prophecy. One way of describing th
TO HELP OR NOT TO HELP
Darley, J. M., & Latane, B. (1968). Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 8, 377-383.
One of the most influential events in the history of psychology and
LITTLE EMOTIONAL ALBERT
Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.
Have you ever wondered where your emotions come from? If you have, you're not alone. The source of emotions
LEARNING TO BE DEPRESSED
Seligman, M. E. R, & Maier, S. F. (1967). Failure to escape traumatic shock.
Journal of Experimental Psychology, 74, I?.
If you are like most people, you expect that your actions will produce ce
IT'S NOT JUST ABOUT SALIVATING DOGS!
Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes. London: Oxford University Press.
Have you ever walked into a dentist's office where the odor of the disinfectant made your teeth hurt? If you
have, it was probably because
Reading 3 7 A Prison by Any Other Name . - . 287
Reading 37: A PRISON BY ANY OTHER NAME . . .
Zimbardo, P. G. (1972). The pathology of imprisonment. Society, 9(6), 48.
Haney, C., Bank's, W. (3., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1973). Interpersonal dynamics in a
ARE YOU THE MASTER OF YOUR FATE?
Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological
Monographs, 80, 1-28.
Are the consequences of your behavior under your personal control or determined by f
ARE YOU A "NATURAL"?
Bouchard, T., Lykken, D., McGue, M., Segal, N., & Tellegen,A. (1990). Sources of human psychological
differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, 250, 223-229.
This study represents a relatively recent and ongoin
Harlow, H. F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 673-685.
Sometimes it seems that research psychologists have gone too far. How can something such as love be studied
scientifically? Well, however you define love, you