Darwins Theory of Evolution
A. Charles Darwin_
1831- brought on as ships naturalist during a 5 year voyage around the world.
Ship was called the _.
collected thousands of specimens of plants and animals from around the world
and noted three p
Chapter 2 Section 4:
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
1. Explain how chemical reactions affect chemical bonds in a compound.
2. Describe how energy changes affect how easily a chemical reaction will occur.
3. Explain why enzymes are important to
Chapter 8.1 Energy and Life
Chemical Energy and ATP
Energy- the ability to do work
Examples: fuel to make car run
to play sports
Even when you sleep, your cells are busy using energy to build new molecules, contract
muscles, and carry ou
Chapter 8 Section 2:
Photosynthesis: An Overview
Chorophyll and Chloroplasts
How do plants capture sunlight energy for photosynthesis?
Light- white light is actually a mixture of different wavelengths
Visible spectrum- Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, In
Ch 17-1 Genes and Variation
Darwin developed his theory of natural selection without knowing how heredity worked.
Darwin had no idea how traits were passed down or how variations occurred.
Genetics Joins Evolutionary Theory
- heritable traits are controll
Evolution as Genetic Change in Populations
How Natural Selection Works
Fitness in genetic terms- success in passing _ to
offspring. An evolutionary adaptation is any genetically controlled trait that increases an
individuals ability to pass along
Light Dependent Reaction
Require light! (photons from sunlight)
Make ATP and NADPH (high energy carriers)
Produce oxygen as bi-product
A Photosystem II
(discovered after photosystem I) Color photosystem II green
light energy (yellow) absorbed by electro
Krebs Cycle and Electron Transport
1. Glycolysis sugar breaking- occurs in cytoplasm
one glucose molecule is broken down into two molecules of pyruvic acid (3
cell uses 2 ATP to get reaction going
4 ATP are created for net gain
Unit 1 Study Guide
1. Asking a question, posing a hypothesis, experimentation, and collecting
and analyzing data are all parts of what?
2. Name and describe (with an appropriate example) the 8 characteristics of all living
3. What is cell speciali
Unit 1 Vocabulary
Unit 2 Study Guide- Chemistry of Life
1.What is matter and what are the smallest units of matter called?
2. Name and describe the 3 subatomic particles in reference to their charges.
3. Why are atoms neutral? If Oxygen has 8 protons, how m
Name _ date _
Unit 4 Study Guide
Homeostasis and Cell Transport
Use your notes, textbook (chapter 7), and cell membrane packet to answer the
1. Describe the structure of the cell membrane.
2. How are the phospholipids oriented (
1. What are the 3 main types of RNA?
2. What is transcription?
3. What is translation?
1. DNA makes a copy of itself on
2. Substitue _ for Thymine
3. Occurs in the _.
4. _ binds to DNA and separates th
_ Pd. _
Student WS #1
1. Describe the levels of ecological organization from least to greatest in the biosphere.
Use your textbook chapters 3.1 and 4.4 and websites to conduct your research.