MAST 200-010 The Oceans Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2007
MAST 200 2007 - Study Guide Exam II This study guide covers material from the whole semester. Part 1 covers the material from the beginning of the semester up to Midterm Exam 1 (Lectures 19).
MAST 200 2012 Study Guide for Test 2
The exam will cover the lectures and book readings. Below is a list of topics that
are intended to aid you in your studies. This guide IS NOT all-inclusive.
Book chapters that you are responsible for are the following:
Study Guide for Part 3 of MAST 200 (For Parts 1 and 2 please use the study guides
Atmosphere 1 and 2
o Why is climatology important?
Controls large scale weather patterns and ocean circulation
o Understand how and why ocean circulation is
Chapter Four Outline
Sediment in the Sea
A. Classification of marine sediments can be based upon size or origin.
1. Size classification divides sediment by grain size into gravel, sand, and clay.
- Mud is a mixture of silt and cl
Chapter Five Outline
The Properties of Seawater
Basic Chemical Notions
A. Atoms are the smallest unit which display all of the properties of the material.
1. Atoms are composed of:
a. Nucleusthe center of the atom consisting of positively charged par
Lecture 18 Questions
Where are regions of extreme life conditions located in the oceans?
Deep sea vents
o Black smoker hydrothermal vents
o Cold methane seeps
o Carbonate hydrothermal vents
Why are hydrothermal vent communities called oases of life, and w
CHAPTER ONE OUTLINE
The Growth of Oceanography
1-1 Oceanography: What is it?
A. There is a basic difference between the terms oceanography and oceanology.
1. Oceanography is the recording and description of the physical, chemical and
Chapter Two Outline
The Planet Oceanus
2-1. The Earths Structure
A. Earth consists of a series of concentric layers or spheres that differ in chemistry and physical
1. Knowledge of Earths interior comes from studying earthquakes, variation in
MAST 200-010 The Oceans Exam Review I Fall 2007 Guidelines: Review the bulleted points below and understand the concepts stated from Lectures, Textbook, and other Readings Lecture 1 : Introduction and History Description and definition of OCEANOGRAPH
Chapter Three Outline
The Origin of Ocean Basins
A. Ocean basin is defined as that part of the sea floor deeper than 2000 m (6000 ft).
3-1. Continental Drift
B. Based upon the fit of continental outlines and fossil and geologic evidence, Alfred Wegner
A. Ecology is the study of the interrelationships between the physical and biological aspects of
the environment. It is the study of how organisms adapt to their environment and in turn alter
9-1. Ocean Habitat
Biological Productivity in the Ocean
10-1. Food Webs and Trophic Dynamics
A. An ecosystem is the totality of the environment encompassing all chemical, physical,
geological and biological parts.
1. Ecosystems function by the exc
A. The term coast has a much broader meaning than shoreline and includes many other habitats
and ecosystems associated with terrestrial and marine processes.
1. The six major coastal settings are:
Global Climate Change and the Ocean
16-1. Climate Change
A. Climate has a major effect on atmospheric and oceanic processes.
1. The ocean-atmosphere system is analogous to an enormous heat engine.
a. The circulation gyres move c
The Human Presence in the Ocean
15-1. Pollution: What is it?
A. Pollution is the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy
into the environment resulting in deleterious effects such as harm to living r
The Oceans Resources
14-1. Law of the Sea
A. Several treaties regarding ownership and exploitation of the marine resources have
been ratified in the last fifty years.
1. President Truman extended US control of the marine resourc
MAST 200 FALL 2007 TERM
Introduction and History
Dexter & Targett Dexter
Pinet Chapter 1 Pinet Chapter 2.1 - 2.2
30 The Earth
4 The Sea Floor 1 Description Dexter Dexter Dex
MAST 200 2007 - Study Guide Exam II This study guide covers materials from the lectures given by Dr. Targett. In studying for the exam, look over your lecture notes. Make sure you understand the concepts emphasized in the notes. Included below is a l
MAST 200 The Oceans Study Guide for Exam 1 Fall 2012
Guidelines: Review the bulleted points below and understand the concepts stated from
Lectures, Textbook, and other Readings
Lecture 1 : Introduction and History
Know why it is important to have some kn
Exam 1 Study Guide
Guidelines: Review the bulleted points below and understand the concepts
stated from Lectures, Textbook, and other Readings
Lecture 1 : Introduction and History
Description and definition of OCEANOGRAPHY
Wind and Ocean Circulation
A. Density of air is controlled by temperature, pressure, and moisture content.
1. Warm air is less dense than cold air and moist air is less dense than dry air.
2. Air pres
Waves in the Ocean
71. Properties of Ocean Waves
A. Waves are the undulatory motion of a water surface.
1. Parts of a wave are:
a. Wave cresthighest point of a wave.
b. Wave troughlowest point of a wave.
c. Wave height (H)vert
81. Tidal Characteristics
A. Tides have a wave form, but differ from other waves because they are caused by the
interactions between the ocean, Sun and Moon.
1. Crest of the wave form is high tide and trough is low tide.
The Dynamic Shoreline
11-1. Coastal Water Movement
A. Breaking waves provide the energy that changes the shape and texture of the
1. As waves shoal (touch bottom) in shallow water celerity decreases,
Ocean Habitats and Their Biota
13-1. Biology of the Continental Shelf
A. The waters of the neritic zone are fertile and support a rich community of organisms.
1. The plankton are floaters and weak swimmers that are helplessly tr