Final Study Guide
Pathological Concepts 1
Abnormal structural or functional change in the body
Origin of diseases
Glycosylated Hemoglobin. Glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), and A1C are terms used to describe hemoglobin into which
glucose has been incorporated. Hemoglobin normally does not contain glucose when it is released from the bone marrow. During
Difficulty swallowing, often referred as dysphagia, can result from disorders that produce narrowing of the esophagus,
lack of salivary secretion, weakness of the muscular structures that propel the food bolus, or disruption of the ne
Myasthenia gravis: problems w/ thymus gland
disorder of the neuromuscular junction that affects impulse transmission between the motor neuron and the innervated
Women affected more than men but after 50 men affected more.
Identify all secretions of the gastrointestinal tract. Include the source and function of each.
Salivary Secretions regulated by ANS
o Saliva is secreted by the salivary glands. parotid, submaxillary, sublingual, and buccal glands
o Three funct
Define each of the following terms and understand the role of regulation in CNS function:
Central nervous system
The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord, which are protected by the skull and
Describe the pathophysiology of glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis represents a group of kidney diseases that result from inflammation and injury of the glomerulus. It may
occur as a primary condition in which the glomerular abnormality is t
Involved in growth, sex differentiation, metabolism, and adaptation to the environment.
Uses chemical messengers called hormones
controlling the flow of information between the different tissues and organs of the bod
These messengers include neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, and neurotropic or nerve growth factors
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that facilitate the transmission of signals from one
neuron to the next across synapses.
Blood flow into, through and out of the liver
Anatomically, the liver is divided by deep grooves into two large lobes (the right and left lobes) and two smaller lobes
(the caudate and quadrate lobes).
The liver is unique among the abdominal org
Exam 3 Study Guide
Childhood Respiratory DisordersDefine ventilation and perfusion and explain why they must be
Ventilation- the movement of air into and out of the lungs
Perfusion- the circulation of blood through the lungs
Must ensure equal
Compare and contrast type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
genetic predisposition combined with immunologic and possibly environmental (viral) factors
510% of persons with diabetes
Formerly known as juv