tt Jllf 35 TIAOl CHr' LAI'-, to flirt or beat up into
TSAI" then and not till then; a most
useful little word, and cheomnpsirev-e.
It may often be translated by the single
word 'then',as here: ,^ if TSAI- HAO^ then
good, then it will be satisfa
98 CHINESE LESSONS
228 Put the big boxes here.
229 Place it flat,or 'on the flat*.
^ PIN", level, flat,even.
23c Put this one on top of that.
:^ ^ LA- LAI-, bring along. J jfcCHUNG"
CHI'^ to place on top, a most useful u^ord. To
place any article on
one, " usable with regard to anything for which
;ifiGEN^ may be used as the classifier. Ij/f^ ^
GIA- CHI'^ LAI", lit.,pinch up come, i.e. pull out,
as by a nail-puller.
PILING BOXES lOI
JEliil. ^ 5? ffi" i^
242 Be careful, lest you break the board in pr
here HA'*, with " I- understood before it. # ^
HSIE- CHI^, to rest one's breath, to rest; very
LESSON II. Ig + - f*
Buying a Sedan Chair
261 Buying a sedan chair.
g MAr\ to buy.
^ GIAO^ DZ\ a sedan
262 Wang Chang-Hsin, 1 want to buy a sed
not closed in.
267 I want the two-man chair to be of the old efadshionsort.
^ GIUS old, applied to things. ^ J- YANG^
DZ^, sort, fashion.
108 CHINESE LESSONS
272 I want the cross-pieces between the ends of the
chair-poles to be strong.
^ M ^ DAN
might have read: 'BaO^ DE- CHr' MAS BAO'
BU^ CHI=^ ?' See 248 for idiom.
251 I can carry it.
PILING BOXES los
". ta /IESI f iiK *
252 Good! Pick it up and come along after me.
J^ ifiGEN" DAO-', to follow: themostcommon
term for this expression. SH fii|i)K
285 That very thin cloth will not do.
1^ HSiS thin, open, sleazy ; % gj HSI^FAN*,
thin rice, i.e. porridge, this is the name ordinarily
used by foreigners for porridge, /f fr BU" HSIN-,
will not do, will not work ; a very common phrase,
most useful for ev
pronounced CHWANG^ DZ*, but the ctioornrupor
localism TSANG^ DZ'\is more or less general
over West China.
277 It also requires a set of gauze windows.
X YIU\ also, p S SHA^ TSANG*, gauze
(or any fine mesh stuff) windows.
278 I want a set of silk c
293 (But) he would not sell.
BUYING A SEDAN CHAIR 113
That is to say he did not take up my
The conjunction is almost always omitted in such
I have included it in brackets.
294 I think it will take $26.00 or $27.00 to buy (th
used for any servant, or for any laborer or any
one of that class, not for a teacher. ^ ^ SHWAT^
SHOU'\ /.,swing hands, i.e. empty-handed men.
This pre-supposes that one owns his own sedan
298 Where are you going? (Asked by the chairbearers).
a group who have stopped to look at something
on the street, or who have come into a chapel gteo-ther.
One says ^ DZOU*, and another answers
^ -^ DZOU^, DZOU'*, and the whole company of
four or five or more rise and leave together.
309 Walk a little
distinguish between these two meanings .' It is
difficult ; you do it by the other part of the remark
and by the conversation generally. Judging by
this phrase alone, it is impossible.
SEDAN CHAIR RIDING 119
*5 w, if-m.^f^
316 Chair-bearers! We ar
which draws out at the end, e.g. a match-box, a
cake-box ; "^ ^ HO"' DZ'^ a small box, the cover
of which lifts off,e.g. a baking powder tin. It may
be round or square.
222 Carry the boxes over here.
'\u il ^ TAI- GO^ LAI-,/'^., carry pass come
Lit.,'Then is this way'; i.e. 'this is tJw sort or
fashion' which I wanted.
215 Now put on the stove-pipe.
il " T "? DJE-* I- HA"^ DZ/',now, now then,
an introductory word or phrase to the sentence,
having no particular significance, any more than
r- TUNG'* a pail, one pail. Literally, 'Carry
a pail clean water come.'
157 You may use this cloth as a floor cloth.
YUNG^ DJE^ GO* BU^ DZO" SL* DI^ PA^ DZ\
Yung' use, to use; very common.
DJE^ GO ' BU- /"/., this cotton cloth, i.e. this piece
LA- LAI- bring; here rather in the nature
of an introduction.
DI^ DJEN* BAN=* floor boards. 12 Jft REN' DJENS
/.,to be in earnest, to be faithful, faithfully,
honestly. A common phrase.
l6l After washing the floor for a little,you must wash
the cloth clea
you must', jf HWAN-, replace ; i^ YUEN",
original; from which the meaning of the bciomn-ation
is easilv deduced.
76 CHINESE LESSONS
about. ^ YUNG*, to use ; ^ DO^ much \% J DO^
LIAO'^ too much. The other common expression
for 'too much' \^ -k,%" TAI* DO^
'clean' by duplicating the characters.
171 The kitchen, dining room, study and i)ed room, "
all these floors
CHU- FANG^ TSAN^ FANG^ SHU^ FANG", SHUI*
FANG'-, DJE* Q\^ GO* DI* DJEN*
DJE* or' GQ-* DI* DJEN*
these several floors. This is onl
and finished in No. 175. The phrase 6^ i^F ^
DY- SH'i- HOU' is understood at the end ot this
sentence, 'when', which in English is placed at the
beginning. In English another word is properly
understood, 'these' if DJE\ between ffi BA"* and
^ Gr^ ; it wou
GIO- is ordinarily in the second tone;
but as often happens in these
duplicated characters, the second one falls into a
different tone for euphony's sake; it would be
hard to say U M GIO^ GIO', both in the low tone ;
but it becomes easy when the second
all on his own account. Apart from its insanitary
qualities, well known to us all,the feather duster
in China is almost always made and sold by the
poorest of the poor," people who live amidst filth
194 You are always to use a cloth to dust.
LESSON 8. H A hK
MA- to wipe, constantly used in
speech, but rarely met with, if at
all, in the written language. M HWElS dust; the
complete two character word is Jc S HWEI^
CHEN'-, which is used freely, as well as t
86 CHINESE LESSONS
LA'-^ KAI^ to take away, to remove ; thus
differ! no- sli2:htlyfrom the esixopnresS |j9DZAN^ KAI^ ; the hitter indicates rather
a moving to one side, just shoved over, perliaps.
Compare Nos. 163, 183, 184.
m ^v m *. n it "
Arranging the Furniture
199 Arrangino; the Furniture.
NGAN^ Gl' GIA^ GLI^
NGAN^ GI^ to place, to arrange, to settle. ^
M: GIA^ GU\ furniture, tools. ^
GtJ'*,is in the fourth tone, but in this phrase ^ -KGIA^
GU\ is commonly spoken in the first.
ARRANGING THE FURNITURE 93
210 When the feet are in place, lift the stove and
move it over against the wall.
il if 7 DOU^ HAO' LIAO\ fitted into
place; ffi M DZAN=* LUNG=*, move to or against.
L/.,move arrive at. ^ OflBI- TOU*, partition,
might, only that the sedan chair seems rather
bulky to be 'put away' like a cloth or a pail !
321 Wang Chang-Hsin, you may pay the chair money.
^ GE\ to give, to hand to; to offer; also
'and', see 270 and 292. ^ GIAOS chair ; ^
TSIEN^, money, c
Hi CHU-, to go out; 5i:YUEN\ distant; P^
MEN-, gate, door. Therefore *to take a long
journey by chair*.
327 Wang Chang-Hsin, I am going on a journey.
^ NGO'S I; M YAO\ am about to; cfw_!] f^
CHU- MEN", to go on a journey. Lit.,to go out of
pidgin English; very similar to g- @ YAO^ DE",
but the latter is stronger, much.
341 You may take this 500 cash and give it as earnest
:$ "i LA- CHU^, take away, as opposed to
'bring'. ^ GIAOS to hand over, to deliver, a very
useful word for everyd
down go, i.e. 'to place down in the water'.
652 watcli the clock, boil them three minutes and a
half, and then ladle them out.
S 1i!l11 KAN' DAO-' DJUNG^ look at the
clock; this sounds like an unnecessary injunction,
but not for Chinese servants who
Sfi M GEN^ DAO'S immediately, which is eprx-essed
with sufficient emphasis here by 'then';
:)".^ DA"' WAN'\ a large bowl, such as is ordinarily
used, by the Chinese as a vegetable bowl. The
second ^\ is in the fourth tone, and means "to
666 With a