-How sovereignty is structured
-How legal authority is organized
-Separation of powers
-How the main institutions of government are
Notes for 11/8/16
Model 2: (British) Parliamentary System
Most frequently used
Meaning of term government?
For parliamentary systems, government can be thought of as analogous to the executive
function in a separation of powers system.
o Prime minister, c
Perspective 3: Democracy as values
1. Direct democracy, limited govt. inv. And equal treatment, but complete separation that
creates an apartheid. However, you need these values to make it a true democracy.
The spirit o
Perspective 2: Democracy as liberties
What is liberty?-Is freedom
What does it mean to be free?
o To be unconstrained
o Civil liberties-protections from government
Liberalismo Simply a doctrine that suggest
The Modern Practice of Democracy: Electoral Systems
Electing a Legislature: Two Techniques
1. Single-Member Districts/Plurality (SMD)
a. Method of Apportionment?
i. Apportionment is a process for determining how many individuals will be chosen
Notes for 11/3/16
Exam next Thursday
The Essence of Separation of Powers System
Maine and Nebraska are allocated the amount that they serve in Congress
They conduct an election, and determine who wins the state as a whole to send 2 to go vote,
then they l
Final is Thursday, December 8 from 4-7 pm
Notes for 11/29/16
How is it different from other perspectives?
Pluralism and consociational democracy and rational choice have rule by elites. After doing your
part for your group or selfi
The Electoral College is a process to determine the President whereby rather than having a national
contest, each state gets to pick a method to choose a subset of citizens from that state to be delegates.
These delegates would have the complete determina
Notes for 11/17/16
Human beings are wired to be competitive
This can lead to fighting
Handle the question of stability
o The dependent variable for the pluralist
How do we create a scenario where we have more stability, which would be cond
People for this?
You have a society that is deeply divided who dont interact very much and they dont have crosscutting cleavages.
What is it designed to do? Definition?
We have a method of organizing
Components of participatory democracy
4. The general will and the will of all
The notion of decision making for a polity is trying to figure out what is in the best interest of us
o All of the other choices (what is in the publics best interest) is f
Study guide for Exam 1
Complete control over citizens social, economic, and political life. Citizens can do
whatever they want, as long as the government allows it.
There will never be a totalitarian type of government, maybe a totalitari
Notes for 11/10/16
Model 3: (French) Presidential-Parliamentary System
Definition-A means of organizing legal authority whereby there exists an executive with significant law
making powers as well as a prime minister that is responsible and accountable in
Regimes are the relationship between a government and its people
o Friends, Marriage, Procreation, Communication, Religion, Education
o Where you work, how much money you make, how long you can work for, who your
-Democracy as protections. Protections against?
- those governing you. What is needed most in
a democracy are full fledged protections from
-2nd Treatise of Government (1684) a
The Philosophical Underpinning of the Electoral
What type of executive are we going to have?
(United States Founding Fathers)
Tried to do it in the Athenian style. (Multiperson executive)
Decided on a single person
-Key Concerns of Founders in sel
MODEL TWO: PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM
-Popularity today? The single most utilized way
of organizing legal authority in the world
-Meaning of term "government" in parliamentary?
Prime minister and his/her ministers of
-Difference between head
of governance whereby
citizens select other citizens to make
decisions on their behalf. (Representative
Democracy; Republic; Parliamentary Democracy).
(def) - Joseph Chumpeter in Capitalism,
Socialism, and Democracy as an institutio
FOUR PERSPECTIVES ON DEMOCRACY:
I) Democracy as a means of governing.
-What does it mean to govern?
1) Legal Authority
a) Create Laws (restrictions on social
b) Enforce Laws
c) Adjudicate disputes
How is this different from other perspectives?
Democracy as a means of organizing government
is about empowering the common people.
Pluralist - join interest groups and vote
Consociational - vote (group leaders and nation
An approach to understand democracy.
Key advocates? Madison, Dahl, Truman
Human beings are inherently power-seeking,
self-interested actors. Ultimately leads to
competition and conflict.
Goal? Provide for stabi
MODEL THREE: PRESIDENTIAL PARLIAMENTARY
(def) Means of organizing legal authority
whereby there exists a president with
substantial lawmaking powers and a prime
minister that is responsible to the
Difference lies in that the
Core of model?
Whenever an individual has to make a decision
that affects the collective in some way(voting,
joining a group, etc), he or she will enter
into that decision with already established
preferences and will then make a choi
Model One: U.S. Separation of Powers and Check
and Balance System
-Where is legal authority vested?
(def of sep of powers) A constitutional
division of the exercise of legal authority
into distinct legislative, executive,and
judicial procedures, practices
Study Guide Exam 2
Methods for structuring modern democracy:
Exercise of legal authority
Legal authority over a set of individuals in a given territory
Government is present
Free from external interference
When structuring government we
(def) Any one of a family of views that
advocates the deliberation between free and
equal citizens as being the basis for
legitimate decision making and self-governance.
Similar to participatory democracy?
Both take dead aim at Ratio