PROOF OF AN EXTERNAL WORLD
xes by myself
; not fair.
l you in those
indeed said the
in an absolute
or distinct from
to this notion of
,sible things any
your own defin_iBut I neither said
things was to be
Intro to G.E. Moores reply to the Skeptic
Moore believed that it is possible to show that there is an external world. A world that
exists independently of ones experiences.
o If one (Moore) can prove this than one can prove that skepticism is false.
Intro to Cartesian Skepticism
Cartesian comes from philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes (invented
He was not a skeptic
o Believed that we, humans, could obtain knowledge of ourselves and of the
A world th
Intro to reply to the Skeptic
Appealing to the idea that it is reasonable to favor a hypothesis that better explains data
than one with a worse explanation.
o The data being that we have the experiences we do.
What makes an explanation good?
PH I L 0SOPHERS
AN INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY
A Note on the Author
Born in London in 1930, Bryan Magee was educated at Oxford,
where he took two honours degrees- one in history, the other in
LETTER TO HERODOTUS
LETTER TO HERODOTUS
A. REASONS FOR THE LETTER
This letter presents a brief compendium of the physics to refresh the memories of
those already familiar with the theories.
Epicurus to Herodotus, greeting.
ca. A.D. 50-ca. A.D. 130
Epictetus was born a slave in Hierapolis, a small town in Phrygia, Asia Minor (in
present-day Turkey). His master was Epaphroditus, a member of Emperor Nero's
personal staff in Rome. As was often done at that ti
THE EARLY STOA
Zeno was born in the small town of Citium on the island of Cyprus. As a young man
he moved to Athens, where, it is said, he discovered philosophy by reading
Xenophon's description of Socrates, the Memorabilia. Socrates being long dead,
Marcus Aurelius was born to a patrician family of Rome. Followin
The PreSocratics: The
One and the
CHANGE AND PERMANENCE
is the question of the
One and the Many?
Does anything remain the
The One and the Many
you learned so far in the reading, the main
questions of the One and the Many
Philosopher, Psychologist, Anti-Christ
Read the excerpts in Cottingham
God is Dead?
Who is the God that has died?
How did the God die?
Answer: We killed him, You and I
Then Nietzsche wept
The Father in the sky
Explain the central difference between Deontology and Consequentialism.
There are several differences between Deontology and Consequentialism. Deontology says that
we should be good to others because it is our duty to do so, Do x because it is your duty.
1) Explain how Heraclituss thought that all is change is an answer to the question of
the One and the Many.
Heraclituss answer to the One and the Many question was Logos. The problem that
Heraclitus proposed was the world was in a constant state of change
CICERO (106-43 BCE)
-One should choose friends carefully!
-Be able to share all of ones aims and concerns
-Encourage the friend toward virtue
Philosophy- Web Courses
ontology- existence. Matrix/ inception
epistemology- what is knowledge, what is true
aesthetics- nature, beauty, what makes it beautiful
Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy- Secondary source
I argue or my argument is
Throughout this film Examined Life we get to have a better view inside philosophers mind.
Not every philosopher in the film have the same opinion and each one of them have a strong
view on certain ideas. One thing that all these philosophers have in commo
In I Heart Huckabees I learned that others help are needed to discover the reason existence
within ourselves. Reasons for why we need others help to discover existentialist is because we as
humans often get lost due to many burden and pressure in this wor
July 5, 2017
o Going through hardship but being able to tolerate without complaint
o Understand that everything around and happening has a cause (logo)
o Virtue is good and vice is bad
o Pathe- false judgment
History of Philosophy
o They lost A
June 27, 2017
Notes on Philosophy
One of the many, everything is changing
Wisdom, combination of knowledge and life experience
Life of Socrates
o Lived in the Athens during its golden age
o Never wrote down any of his teachings but Plato his stu
Start: What is the future of our galaxy?
This widely asked question is one of the great wonders of life. This wonder,
which we are now able to explore has led us to being able to find out our
most certain future, which we wont be able to see ourselves. Bu
24 July 2017
Extra Credit Assignment
1. How do you think philosophy can help you in life? (one page, double spaced=minimum;
The topic of philosophy is complex in its entirety. Although I was a bit skeptical
"Do you think the philosophy of existentialism will be helpful for your life? Is so, why? If you
don't think this, also explain-give reasons for-why you think this philosophy might not be
The philosophy behind existentialism is quite intricate.
Sophrosyne- know thyself, nothing in excess, balanced life
St. Anslem/Gaunilo- did ontological
-god must exist, because the idea of perfection exists
Niche of Lights-mysticism
Jewish philosopher- notion of Negative theology- to say what god is not
PHI 2010 Midterm Outline (Weeks 1 and 2)
Hi there! Congratulations, you are already on a great path for studying for your midterm. This
outline is a good place to start, and can guide you through your studies. A few answers are filled in,
however the majo
PHI 2010 Midterm Review
What does cogent mean?
A clear and logical argument (Strength + True Premises)
What is Teleology?
the philosophical attempt to describe things in terms of their apparent p
7 July 2017
Movie Analysis #2 (The Seventh Seal)
In The Seventh Seal, Antonius Block is searching for meaning in, what he sees as, a meaningless
world. How does he find meaning and what act does he commit that expresses this creation o
The documentary film Examined Life explores several perspectives from about eight
influential contemporary philosophers. Its setting is in New York (City) and revolves around the
philosophers practical application of their ideas in modern (contemporary) c
What is happiness? Do you agree with either of the ancient notions of happiness we examined in
class? Why or why not?
Happiness can be perceived as a deep state of serenity and fulfillment. Essentially, it is the
quality of every instant in our life. It d
Plato's Allegory of the Cave conveys a sense of false perception. Essentially, the Allegory of the
Cave exemplifies ones journey throughout life. Its like ones life experience(s) can draw a
heavy influence on ones mind. The prisoners are represented as hu