1.
An economist estimated that he cost function of single-prodcut firm is
C(Q) = 100 + 20Q + 15Q2 + 10Q3
Based on this information, determine:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
The
The
The
The
The
The
The
fixed cost of producing 10 units of output
variable cost of pro
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 8
International Institutions The European Union
Dr Martin Binder
Euroscepticism
Percentage of citizens that view EU membership as
a bad thing (Werts et al 2013)
No EU plans to standardise toilet
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 11
War
Dr Martin Binder
Clausewitz
(1780-1831)
War is an act of
force intended
to compel our
opponents to
fulfill our will
And, a
continuation of
political
intercourse with
a mixture of
other me
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 2
The European Civil War 1914-1945
Dr Martin Binder
Martin Binder
Associate Professor in International Relations
University of Reading
Office: HumSS 409
E-mail: [email protected]
Office Hou
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 8
Terrorism
Dr Martin Binder
Questions
What is terrorism?
How has terrorism changed?
Where does it occur?
What are its causes and roots?
Empirical evidence
1. Todd Sandler 2014: The analytical s
Survey -
Disclaimer: All identities will be kept anonymous throughout
this questionnaire.
1. What is your gender?
A) Male
B) Female
C) Prefer Not To Say
2. Year of study?
3. What do you study? Economics and geography
4. What accommodation do you live in?
EC114 Introductory Macroeconomics
Lecture 8
J. James Reade
5 February 2016
1
Economics Conversations?
Each Monday, 12pm, discuss topical economic issue. Sta
and students.
Socrative: Would you consider going?
Monday: Labour economics experiments with Sa
Survey -
Disclaimer: All identities will be kept anonymous throughout
this questionnaire.
1. What is your gender?
A) Male
B) Female
C) Prefer Not To Say
2. Year of study? 2nd year
3. What do you study? Zoology
4. What accommodation do you live in? Stenton
Marketing Lecture Objectives
LECTURE 1
o Summarize the principles of marketing
o Apply these principles appropriately to a broad range of contexts
o Analyze the role of frameworks in the development of marketing strategy and the drawing up of
marketing pl
MATHS 1 REVISION
The exam is 2 hours and you answer 6 questions (Use tests /solutions, online exercises etc.)
Section A 4 compulsory questions
Section B choice of 2 questions from 4
Key areas:
Percentages - Percentage increase and decrease
Linear equation
EC204
Topic 1
Simple regression
model
1
Index
1.1 What is econometrics: ch. 1 (you can skip
1.7);
1.2 The simple regression model: ch. 2;
1.3 The method of Least Squares;
1.4 How good is the model;
ch. 3,4 (skip 3.8)
1.5 Assumptions and Gauss Markov
Agri-Food Economic & Social Sciences Division
AP1EM1 Introduction To Marketing
Dr Anna Macready
Spring term 2015-16
Copyright University of Reading
1
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
CORE TEXTBOOK FOR MODULE
Kotler P, Arms
Economic & Social Sciences Division
AP1EM1 Introduction To Marketing
Week 3: Understanding Consumer Behaviour (2)
Dr Anna Macready
Spring term 2015-16
1
Copyright University of Reading
LIMITLESS POTENTIAL | LIMITLESS OPPORTUNITIES | LIMITLESS IMPACT
Overv
EC204
Topic 3
Functional forms and
units of measurement
1
Overview
Ch.: 6.2, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6
Linear and log linear models.
Semi-log model: semielasticities.
Lin-log model: semielasticities.
Polynomial equations.
Changes in units of measurement.
A note on Co
Dr. Mark Guzman
Fall 2016
Why start with the classical model
Model used prior to 1930s
Genesis of Keynesian Models
Could not explain interwar inflation
Could not explain Depression era unemployment
Genesis of Neo-Classical Models
Growth models of the 1
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 16
Globalisation
Dr Martin Binder
Definition
Globalization denotes the
expanding scale, growing
magnitude, speeding up and
deepening impact of interregional flows and patterns of
social interact
Introduction and
Study Skills
Module
Convenor
Dr Martin Binder
[email protected]
k
Office Hour: TBA
Seminars &
essay
questions
There will be a series of ten seminar classes
in the Autumn and Spring terms. The
Department will assign students to a class
Micro Revision Lecture - 2 hours (3 sections)
ECONOMIC TERMINOLOGY IS KEY
Section 1 (30 minutes) (30 marks)
- Only use definitions and examples the questions may be asked
- 10 short answers
- Quick short answer questions which test your knowledge across a
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 9
International Institutions The United Nations
Dr Martin Binder
International Institutions
and Organisations
Institutions are humanly devised constraints that structure
political, economic, and
Politics Lecture Notes
LECTURE 2 European Civil War 1914 -1945 (International politics and war since 1900)
European states dominated international politics. The EU states had economic, political and military dominance
compared to other states, with vast o
PO1IRS International Relations and Strategic Studies
Lecture 7
The State and the Evolution of the State System
Dr Martin Binder
Summary: IR Theories
Neo-Realism
NeoLiberalism
Main actors
States
State and nonstate actors
Main point of
States strive for Sta
EC206 Mathematics for Economics
Handout 3.2: Topic 3 Constrained Optimization 2: Equality
Constraints, Second Order Conditions
3.4 Second Order Conditions: 2 choice variables, one constraint
OBJECTIVE FUNCTION
f x1 , x2
CONSTRAINT
st g x1 , x2 0
Problem
Topic 3
Markets and market
structure
EC201 INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS
Lecture outline
Types of market structure
Sources of market power
Profit maximisation for a
monopolist
Monopoly and inefficiency
Pricing strategies with
market power
Monopolistic
Department of Economics
EC206 Mathematics for Economics
Handout 1.1: Topic 1 Linear Algebra 1
1.1 Systems of Linear Equations
1.1.1 Building a System
A simple linear model
C a bY
Y C I G
(1.1)
(1.2)
Y
b 1 0 0 C a
1 1 1 1 I 0
G
b 1 Y a
1 1 C
Department of
Economics
University of Reading
EC206 Mathematics for Economics
Handout 1.3 Topic 1 Linear Algebra 3 Eigenvalues and
Eigenvectors
The Eigenvalue/Eigenvector Problem
n n matrix, A
Consider equation
Ax x
x 0 n 1 vector; scalar.
Always has solu
EC206 Intermediate Mathematics for Economics
Spring Term 2017
Exercise 2: Linear Algebra (2)
This problem set examines much the same material as problem set 1.
1.
Consider the two matrices
1
At 2
0
0
1
1
t
1
t , B 0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1 .
0
In the case of the m
EC206 Mathematics for Economics
Handout 3.1: Topic 3 Constrained Optimization 1
3.1 Unconstrained Optimization Review
For functions of two variables: z f x, y
Stationary point (FOCs):
z* f x*, y *
if
z
x
x x *, y y *
z
y
x x *, y y*
0 ,
0
These are neces
EC206 Mathematics for Economics
Handout 1.2: Topic 1 Linear Algebra 2
1.3 Linear Dependence of Vectors and Matrix Rank
1.3.1 Linear Dependence of Vectors
Scalar multiplication of vector
Multiply every element of vector by scalar.
Same for scalar multiplic
EC206 Intermediate Mathematics for Economics
Spring Term 2017
Exercise 2: Linear Algebra (2)
This problem set examines much the same material as problem set 1.
1.
Consider the two matrices
1
At 2
0
0
1
1
t
1
t , B 0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1 .
0
In the case of the m
Topic 2
Decision-making under
uncertainty
EC201 INTERMEDIATE MICROECONOMICS
Lecture outline
Describing risk and risk
preferences
Risk preferences and
marginal utility
The demand for
insurance
The Allais paradox
The asymmetric value
function
October 2
Accessing Stata
You should have been placed onto the departments Stata teaching lab licence (if not please
contact Sarah Jewell: [email protected]). In order for you to be able to start using
Stata you will need to copy the shortcut to your desktop
EC114 Introductory Macroeconomics
Lecture 14
J. James Reade
26 February 2016
1
Logistics
Week 7 (this week):
I
Monday/Tuesday classes: Settlers II.
I
I
I
I
I
I
Aware some didnt go to HumSS 126 in afternoon.
Please make yourselves known to me to arrange a
Types of War
1. Interstate conflict (incl. extrasystemic)
2. Intrastate conflict (including
internationalized)
3. Non-state conflict
4. One-sided violence
Causes of War
There are a number of ways in which we
can conceptualize the causes of war
1. Immediat