Notes from the lecture: Orienting Considerations of Criminal and Justice
Deconstructing Criminal Justice
o How do we make sense of criminal?
o How do we make sense of Justice?
o How do we combine the two into a system and what kind of system is it?
The history of punishment
o The punishment and correction of criminals has changed considerably through the ages, reflecting customs,
economic conditions, and religious and political ideals
From exile to fines, torture to forfeiture
o Early Gr
CCJ Chapter 8 Outline
Police & Courts
o Once a crime is committed/ an investigation begun, police may use various means to collect the
evidence needed for criminal prosecution
o A # of critical decisions must take place:
Should surveillance techniques be
CCJ Chapter 6 Outline
The Police Organization
o Majority of police organized in hierarchical manner
o See figure 6.1
o Each element of a department has its own chain of comm& & rank system
o NYC ranks the following from lowest to highest
CCJ Chapter 7 Outline
Who are the police?
o The composition of the nations police force is changing.
o Traditionally, police agencies were composed of white males w a high school education who viewed policing as a
secure position that brought them respect
Chapter 2 Outline CCJ
How is crime defined
o Consensus View of crime The view that the great majority of citizens
agree that certain behaviors must be outlawed or controlled, and that
criminal law is designed to protect citizens from social harm.
CCJ Chapter 4 Outline
The law governs nearly all phases of human enterprise, including commerce, family life, property transfer, & the
regulation of interpersonal conflict
Criminal law: The body of rules that define crimes, set out their punishments, & m
The prison experience can be harsh and demeaning American relies heavily on incarceration
while the inmate population has been on decline, there are still about 1.6 million people in prison
in the U.S.
o As a result of this policy of mass inca
Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice Outline (highlighted is vocab)
o Criminal Justice System: The system of law enforcement, adjudication,
and correction that is directly involved in the apprehension,
prosecution, and control of those charged with
FUNCTIONS OF LAW
Large-scale social order functions like integrating diverse features of society.
o Means to concrete observable outcomes like conformity.
o Ways to express feelings like injustice or
o Juvenile justice system works w kid crime, incorrigible, truant, and runaway kids.
o Made at turn of 20th century, JJ was originally viewed as a quasi-welfare agency that was to at as a
surrogate parent in the interest of the child this calle
Community sentencing, including probation, is the most common form of correctional treatment bc it makes no
sense to lock up non-dangerous, repentant offenders I an overcrowded and dangerous correctional system, which
can damage them and lock t
Californias prison realignment initiative is emblematic of a problem running through Americas prison:
o Some corrections officials maintain that jails and prison should be sued to help treat and rehabilitate convicted
CCJ Chapter 9 Outline
The court is a complex & necessary social agent w many independent but interrelated subsystems clerk,
prosecutor, defense attorney, judge, & probation departments each playing a role in the adjudicatory process.
Ideally, the entire