Approaches to Understanding Abnormal
A. Statistical Approach
look at mean; someone far from normal; IQ distribution; normal distributions; not all
always normally distributed (anger in certain cultures). 2 standard deviations to be
Behavioral Therapies (Behavior
bad habits; children acting out in school; use learning theories to improve behavior
A. Classical Conditioning
1. Systematic Desensitization
using classical conditioning to treat phobias; the phobia triggers an
A. AntiAnxiety Drugs : Anxiolytics
(Librium, Miltown,Valium, Xanax)
Librium-anti-anxiety drug; opiate
valium-the most prescribed medication in America
therapy should never be used as a punishment
B. Anti Psychotic Drugs
Diagnosing Psychological Disorders
DSM-II (Neurotic and Psychotic)
divided into two categories: all disorders either neurotic or psychotic.
neurotic-obsessive; characterized by anxiety; produce unbearable levels; includes
phobias, OCD, etc. most of the di
C. Dissociative Disorders
personality breaks into pieces. Breaking of the personality.
1. Psychogenic (Dissociative)
if they leave, get out of town.
2. Dissociative Identity Disorder
(was Multiple Personality
The Corruption o
Reaction against Freud. Didnt like the therapist centered nature of Freudian therapy.
Focusing n conscious thought and the present, but they also focus on the future.
Encourage self examination & growth. Focus on conscious thought &
. Personality Disorders
1) Odd or eccentric
person who is convinced that people are out to get them in some way. Not schizophrenic
(no delusions). Because they have this belief, theyre very suspicious and mistrustful of
others; hypersensitive a
Psychoanalytic Therapy (Freud)
(also called Psychodynamic)
internal conflict; human being is a dynamic system; thoughts are pushed into
subconscious; use latest technology to make a model of human behavior and human
not which approach is bets; its how good is the therapist. Almost any method can work
well in hands of competent therapist and best method can be ineffective in hands of
A good therapist picks and chooses. Loo
Group Processes and Work Teams
1. Definition of a Group
2. Define and understand norms (descriptive & prescriptive) and roles
3. What is group cohesion? What are its good and bad consequences?
4. Know Tuckmans 5 stages of group development and under what
1. Know the seven steps in the research process as presented in class.
Interest in an issue
Generate a hypothesis
Create an empirical design
Interpret analysis and draw conclusions
1. How do psychologists attempt to gain control over extraneous variables?
2. What is experience the sampling methodology (ESM)?
3. Experimental (including manipulation and random assignment) versus non experimental
4. Laboratory versus field stud
Substance Use Disorders (alcoholism,
1) Warning signs:
- Daily use
- Using to cope
- Using when alone or secret use
- Impaired Social or Occupational
gets in the way of relationships
- Physical Dependence including