Rebuttals are NOT a time for summarizing. They are an opportunity to win key
arguments. Focus on substantive issues.
Both partners need to carefully flow the negative block.
All 1AR arguments need to be written down on your flow, not pre-writ
First speech of the debate
The affirmative team lays out their proposal and why they think that their
proposal would have advantages over the current system. Here is the usual order
of their presentation:
Inherency (factual descripti
Role Positions Notes
The job of the affirmative is to prove that their proposal (which must fit under the
resolution) is a good idea.
The job of the negative is to prove that the affirmative proposal is either a bad
idea or does not fit under the resolu
Card Cutting Notes
Research wins debates.
o It feels great to win on an argument that you have written.
o You will understand it really well,
You will know exactly where all of the cards are and you will be able
to predict what the other team
Take advantage of the tendency of people to want to say the opposite of
whatever you are implying. For instance, if you want the team to set up an
argument that the plan is politically unpopular, you could act very skeptical
One piece of paper for each position
Pre-marked columns for each speech
Everyone flows every speech (except 1NR can prep during 2NC)
o Stay seated
o Pull evidence during prep time
NO LONG HAND SENTENCES EVER!
You can write things out long han
Cross Examination Notes
So far, we have done very little to emphasize cross-examination. Why? Because
novices have too much to work on all at once and so learning about the speeches
is more important at first.
BUT, now that you are more advanced you sho
o Cards got their name because evidence used to be cut out and pasted down in
actual recipe cards.
o Then, debaters moved to cutting and pasting onto paper briefs.
o Now, we do everything electronically. All files need to be placed into a Wor
If you can convince the judge that passing your affirmative plan is a good idea,
you will win the debate. Essentially, you need to prove that the affirmative is
better than the status quo (current system).
To do this, you need to pro
Use of Language Notes
o Avoiding vague words like good, equals, bad, or very. Use more specific
language. Very bad should be replaced by 10 million deaths etc.
o Never state a passive relationship between two things, such as X and Y are both