Connections Between Ecology and Culture
God-kings, population spread along Nile River, wealthy from trade (less need
for imports), developed writing and literature, rigid social/economic classes, no written
laws (moral codes), belief in possible go
Economic factors: little arable land, need for imports, hub of trade for the
Political factors: details unknown, palaces functioned as centers for storage
and redistribution of wealth, probably controlled agricultural
Where did farming begin in different regions?
What types of agriculture developed in these areas?
Migrants from Asia: grains (around 6,000 years ago)
Scythian herders: horse (around 7,000 to 6,000 years ago)
Diffusion from Southern Anatolia
Natural barriers against invaders
Less need for imports
Divine or semi-divine kingship
How did the peoples of Eurasia adapt to the changes that came with the collapse of older
civilizations at the end of the second
What are the ramifications of these developments? Jared Diamonds thesis
(Guns, Germs, and Steel)
Earlier development of agriculture gives Eurasia a head
start on technological developments
Domestication of animals brings diseases to Eurasia that wil
What does it take for a religion to become universal?
Religion must be open to all.
Most ancient religions are either gender-specific or culturally specific.
Religion must appeal to all levels of society: poor, middle, wealthy.
Spread of Ideas:
Persia: Conquest of the empire by Alexander the Great meant that the system
created by Persia made the spread of Greek culture across a vast area easy. Result:
Greek-influenced sculpture begins to appear in India.
India: Asokas empire hel