Attitudes = Beliefs or opinions about anything. (The ABC Model)
Before social psych was a field, they were studying attitudes. Scientists but didnt know
they were. Sometimes people would profess a belief, but never act that way at all
(religion). Moral hy
A. Sources of stress
1. Life Events(Holmes and Rahe,
it is stressful to have a major life event. Ex-death of family member. They listed life
events from most stressful to least stressful (death of child before death of parent). Give
1. Social Factors
a. Supportive relationships
should have one or supportive relaitonships; someone you can talk to that has to care and
listen; on your side. You have to be willing to also be a willing supportive friend.
b. Sense of belonging
sense of bel
3. Personality factors
a. I-E scale (Locus of Control)
internal-external. Both cognitive and personality factor
b. Type A or B personality
type A-people with high sense of time urgency; coronary prone; likely to have heart
attacks; Type B would cope bette
IX. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross
Not a brilliant scientist (not carefully controlled). Psychiatrist working with people
confronting their own death.
Stages of Death, Dying and Grief
we live in denial that we are mortal. Dont spend our lives dwelling.
Not interested in the groups; individual is the basis. Sociologists are interestesd with
groups, psychologists with individuals.
A. Social Influence
1. Conformity (Asch)
Conform with behavior of other people.
conformity-going along with unwritten n
Erikson Stages of Psychosocial
1. Trust vs. Mistrust (0-2) Infant
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (2-4)
children are becoming independent; anal stage. Dont need help going to the bathroom or
dont need diapers changed
3. Initiative vs.
Plutchiks Wheel of Emotions
How do we know others emotions
Duchenne Smile (pack Ekman) ; the pitch of your voice is evidence because your voice
goes higher when youre lying. Can also use polygraph machine, which records heart
rate, blood press
they will bond to the one who has the most comfortable feel. Hasnt been disputed.
C. Konrad Lorenz(1965) Imprinting
wading birds; all hatch at once. He discovered that these kinds of birds, when they all
hatch, theres some chemical mechani
III. Prenatal development
Zygote 0-2 wks
Embryo 2-8 wks
Fetus 2- 9 months
Fetal Alcohol syndrome
Heavy metals like lead & mercury
Vitamin A and D in large doses
fat-soluble vitamins, so it gets stor