PSY 260 Exam 2 Study Guide (Chapter 4)
What are motives and how can they be measured?
How are motives expressed?
What are emotions and why are they important?
What are emotional traits and how are they expressed?
What are happy people like?
Chapter 8: How the Parts Fit Together
o Static, enduring, long-term divisions of personality into areas according to
the stable and distinct functions, processes, or other qualities of
o Provides an opposition to per
Class Notes on Personality: A Systems Approach
Chapter 8 How Parts of Personality Fit Together
Hierarchical structure of traits
Big or Super Traits general, broad, subdivided into more specific traits
Big Two Eysenck neuroticism/stability, extraversion/in
Chapter 6: Mental Abilities and Navigating the World
o Among the first of the abilities identified by psychologists to identify peoples
key mental capacities was verbal-propositional intelligence
o To effectively measure the first intelligences, psycholog
Chapter 4: Motivation and Emotion
o Motives, goals, and plans propel us to do the things we do.
o Motives have real-life impacts on the choices we make.
Ex: A person who values achievement will behave differently
from someone who values power.
Chapter 5: Interior Selves; Interior Worlds
o Mental models are organized structures in memory that describe the self, the
world, and the self in the worldsome trigger strong emotions
o A mental model is also called a schemais a group of organized informa
o A group of organized info about a topic in persons thoughts usually
o They influence our thinking in automatic ways
o An organized structure in memory that depicts the self, the world, or the
self in the