Five Criteria for Evaluating Casual Effects
Thursday, March 5, 2015
Association: Variation in the independent variable is related to variation in the dependent variable
Example: Religious Affiliation (protestant vs. catholic) and pres
Monday, March 23, 2015
Mail, Self-Administered Surveys
Nonresponse error due to low response rate (usually 30%, need at least 70%)
Send notification letter ahead of time explaining the importance of survey
Survey Research in the Social Sciences
Monday, March 16, 2015
3 Features of Survey Research
We can use surveys for many different topic areas
It's easy to evaluate surveys
Wednesday, March 18, 2015
To avoid error, use multiple questions about concept and average the responses (an index).
The error will average out
Answers to different questions about the same concept should be cons
Monday, March 2, 2015
Criterion for establishing a casual relation between two variables.
Cause (independent variable) must occur before the presumed effect (dependent variable).
Cross-sectional Research Design
A study in which data are
Conceptualization and Operationalization
Friday, February 13, 2015
What is a concept?
Mental constructs or images developed to symbolize ideas, persons, things, or events.
The process of specifying what we mean by a term.
Friday, February 6, 2015
A social philosophy is a set of beliefs, values, and assumptions regarding how we view the social
world, knowledge of social reality, and how we can acquire knowledge about it.
Monday, February 23, 2015
3 influential factors
How many people we're actually able to include in the study
Probability Sampling Methods
Research Design Alternatives
Friday, February 27, 2015
Unit of analysis
The level of social life on which a research question is focused, such as individuals, groups,
towns, or nations.
Level at which conclusions can be drawn
Determined by an in
Wednesday, February 4, 2015
What are ethics?
The difference between right and wrong
3 ethical principles for the protection of human subjects
Respect for persons
Individuals have the right to decide to participate in the
Levels of Measurement
Monday, February 16, 2015
The mathematical precision with which the values of a variable can be expressed
Four levels of measurement
Identifies variables whose values have no mathematical interpretation
They vary in
Monday, January 26, 2015
Presents the idea, issue, or situation that will be examined.
More broad than a research question
Should take the form of a declarative sentence
"The problem that is addressed in this study is"
Friday, January 30, 2015
Logically interconnected set of propositions that show how or why a relationship occurs
Role of Theory in Research
Guides the use of methods
Theory as a "lens"
Allows us to try to understand what we're investigati
Qualitative vs. Quantitative
Wednesday, January 21, 2015
The purpose of quantitative research is to describe, explain, or evaluate phenomena by
collecting numerical data that are analyzed using math and/or statistics.
Developing Your Research Question
Friday, January 23, 2015
A good research question:
Keeps the research focused and on track
Defining Your Topic
What inspires you
What you would like to know more about
Is the topi
Avoiding Errors in Reasoning About the Social
Wednesday, January 14, 2015
Errors in Observing
Choosing to look only at things that are in line with our preferences and beliefs
We tend to pick things out that are ali
Types of Social Research
Friday, January 16, 2015
Research in which social phenomena are described and defined
Describe participants in a study and how they act, believe, perceive, the world, or look
Most research includes descript
Monday, April 13, 2015
Emphasis on seeing the world rom the eyes of the participants
Strive to make sense of phenomena in terms of the meanings people bring to them
Studying the person, group, culture in a