Ch. 13 Outline
Behaviorism has proven to be far more than a system of psychology.
Antecedents of Behaviorism
a. Can be traced to ancient Greek atomic theory, where only the atoms and the void
are real. The world is made up of atomic sha
Philosophical Foundations of the Psychological Sciences
Our lives are determined by our childhood experiences (its all Moms fault)
Our desires are hidden in our unconscious and emerge in our dreams
Folk Wisdom can be Contradictory
Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)
Institutions: Bedlam (London); Bictre & Salptrire (Paris)
Theory: Somatic view of mental illness
Treatment: Physical, harsh, even brutal
first at Bictre (1793/48) and
then at S
Structuralism vs. Functionalism
At this time, psychology split into two main schools: structuralism vs. functionalism.
Structuralists were led by Edward Tichner, they believed that the task of psychology was
to analyze consciousness into its basic eleme
First psychology laboratory
Wilhelm Wundt opens first experimental laboratory in psychology at the University of
Leipzig, Germany. Credited with establishing psychology as an academic discipline,
Wundt's students include Emil Kraepelin, James McKeen
Ch. 1 Outline
Critical Issues in Historical Studies Outline
Why Study History?
a. History as a Key to Understanding the Future
a.i. The less we know about the past and the present the more insecure must
prove our judgment of the future. Sigmund Freud.
Ch. 4 Outline
The Roman Period and the Middle Ages
The Roman Period
a. Spanned more than ten centuries, from 600BC to 476AD.
b. At the height of its power, more than one million people lived in Rome.
c. Roman character evolved from superstitious and po
Ch. 9 Outline
Naturalism and Humanitarian Reform Outline
Naturalism: A philosophical perspective that states that scientific procedures and laws
apply to all phenomena. Assumes that all events have a history that is understandable
in terms of identifia
Ch. 10 Outline
Psychophysics and the Formal Founding of Psychology Outline
Psychophysics: the study of the relationships between the physical properties of
stimuli and the psychological or subjective impressions of those stimuli.
a. Thresholds: the min
Ch. 15 Outline
Gestalt: A German word which has no exact English equivalent. Those that come
close are whole, form, structure, holistic and configuration.
a. Interested in abstract treatments of justice, values, and
Lecture 1 Notes: Why Study History?
To make connections in an incredibly diverse field of study.
To discover interesting personalities or characters in history.
To be able to critique our current thinking about psychology today.
Is the current mindset the