Chapter 1: Introduction
Understanding Human Consciousness: A Physiological Approach
Consciousness: Awareness of and ability to communicate about ones thoughts, perceptions,
memories, and feelings
Dualism: Belief that the body is physical but the mind (or
Chapter 6: Vision
Sensory Receptors: Specialized neurons that detect a particular category of physical events.
Sensory Transduction: The process by which sensory stimuli are transduced into slow, graded
Receptor Potential: A slow, gra
Chapter 3: Structure of the Nervous System
Basic Features of the Nervous System
Ipsilateral: Same side
Contralater: Oppostite side
Lateral: Toward the side
Medial: Toward the middle
Chapter 2: Structure & Functions of Cells of the NS
Peripheral NS: outside the brain and spinal cord
Soma: cell body of neuron, includes nucleous
Synapse: junction between terminal button of axon and membrane of another neuron
Axon: long structure that co
Chapter 7: Auditory
The Stimulus Pitch frequency of vibration measured in hertz.
Loudness function of sound wave intensity.
Timbre provides information about complexity of the sound.
Anatomy of the Ear: Pinna external ear.
Tympanic Membrane eardrum.
Chapter 4: Psychopharmacology
Drug: an exogenous (outside of the body) chemical, not necessary for normal cellular
functioning, that alters cells at relatively low doses.
Pharmacokinetics: process of drugs entering the body
1. Intravenous (IV): directly i
Chapter 11: Emotions
Fear: Amygdala: involved in human emotional responses.
Lateral Nucleus (LA): receives sensory information from neocortex, thalamus, and
hippocampus and projects to basal, accessory basal, and central nucleus of the amygdala.
Chapter 10-Physiological Regulatory Mechanisms:
Homeostatsis: is the property of a system in which variables are regulated so that internal
conditions remain stable and relatively constant
System Variable: variable controlled by a regulatory mechanism (ex
Chapter 13: Learning & Memory
Types of learning: Perceptual Learning: learning to recognize a particular stimulus.
Stimulus Response Learning: learning to automatically make a particular response in the
presence of a particular stimulus (includes classica