Methods and Research
Research = Theory and Data
To collect data, we do research; but
doing research is not an activity that is
independent of the theoretical
approach we have.
The knowledge of science is organized in terms of
Theories and Theorizing
Chapter 2- Part 2
Especially thanks to Durkheim and Webers contributions, sociology
became established as a legitimate social science to be taught and
researched within the university system by the begi
Stratification, Class, and
When social inequalities involve the arrangement of
individuals into strata or classes that lie one above
another in a hierarchy of advantaged and disadvantaged
According to Weber,
What makes an activity
An activity can be called science only if it meets the following two
1) Use of methods (e.g. conducting experiments and/or systematic
observation and data recording)
2) Theory construction (abstraction)
What is sociology?
Understanding our world
Do we choose what we do in our lives? Or
how we live our lives?
How much choice do we have in our lives?
Do all individuals have the same chances to
Our opportunities are sha
mile Durkheim (1858-1917)
Durkheim was influenced by August Comte, who believed that the
development of social science is the final stage in the triumph of sciences
over metaphysical thought.
He thought that the development of sociology would put an end t
STRUCTURE AND CULTURE
Sociologists use the key concepts structure and culture to emphasise the important
distinction between the organizational and the symbolic aspects of society. In reality,
these are closely linked as all institutions and social worlds
ARE HUMAN BEINGS PUPPETS OF SOCIAL FORCES?
The idea of the human being as a puppet has an appeal to those taking a strongly
determinist view of life. In this view, we are merely passive victims of powers outside
of our control. It assumes that the sociali
The Promise of the Sociological Imagination
By C. Wright Mills
From The Sociological Imagination by C. Wright Mills. 1959: Oxford University Press
Nowadays men and women often feel that their private lives are a series of traps. They
sense that within the