Prejudice and Discrimination
Chapter 16 Prejudice and Discrimination
0 Prejudice means pre-judgment.
Unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group
and its members.
- Three-part mixture of:
Operant conditioning - a type of learning in which
behaviors are emitted to earn rewards or avoid
In classical conditioning the response to the
stimulus was automatic. In operant condition
Conformity and Obedience
Chapter 16 Conformity
0 Automatic mimicry
One action prompts others actions; we do what others do.
- Conformity and Social Norms
Conformity adjusting our behavior/thinking to coinc
Learning by Observation
Learning that depends on mental activity that is
not directly observable.
Involves such processes as attention, expectation,
thinking, and memory.
Latent Learning and Cognitive Maps
Attribution, Attitudes, and Actions
What is social psychology?
The scientific study of the ways in which the thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors of one individual are
influenced by the real, imagined, or inferred behavior
or characteristics of o
How is our behavior affected by the presence of others?
Improved performance on a simple or
well-learned task in the presence of others.
Decreased performance on tasks
Altruism, Conflict, and
Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.
Bystander intervention depends upon:
Noticing an incident
Interpreting the incident as an emergency
The Psychology of Attraction
Ingredients of our liking for one another:
Same class, same church, same school, work at the same
Any physical or verbal behavior to hurt or destroy.
Instrumental and hostile
Emerges out of both biology and experience.
The Biology of Aggression (nature)
Male v. female