Utilitarianism - Consequentialist
Simple and straightforward in application
Treats all beings equally in its judgments (Egalitarian)
Expands our circle of moral concern
Ex. Peter Singer's- Utilitarian, defense of annual rights
Masculine moral decision-making tends to focus on:
Feminine moral decision making tends to focus on:
Attentiveness to others
Responsiveness to others needs
Rousseau and Nietzsche
-Examined Life is not worth living Emphasis on knowing true self:
-Essential to understanding virtue and happiness
-Distrust of societal norms and social conventions
- Rejected his emphasis on reason - rationality can lead
Western philosophical tradition presupposes a separation between subject
Subject and object
Knower => known
Existence => essence
Autonomy of the individual
N+S existence presupposes Our individuality A separative self
Existence is rel
Egoism: prioritization of self-interest about other goals
Descriptive (what is?)
Interprets action in terms of what benefits we will derive from
them and predicts that we will do what is best for us.
Atomistic concept of self
For Foucault, power is inextricably knowledge
History is an analysis of Power-Knowledge regimes
Corporeal regimes of power-knowledge
Would cause physical punishment
Body being torn apart by horses
Hand being cut off
Metaethics: the questions that frame the very meaning of ethics
Source of ethical knowledge
What are we living for?
What is the good life?
Normative Ethics Descriptive Ethics
Normative Ethics: What should be the case.
The process by which we r
Looked to find a telus:
Goal, purpose, destiny, reason for being
Goad is to fulfill the telos of being human
This results in Eudaimonia
Happiness, health, human flourishing, well being.
Virtues (have to be practice, have to become habits o
Focus on the specific outcome of an action or inaction
Focus on the duties or the rules that apply to the individual making
Motivates important- do things for the ri
The unexamined life is not worth living.
Dont assume that you have everything figured out.
Care of soul is of paramount importance.
More than money, property. Power, and pleasure.
The health of your soul is the most important.