-From 1849-1890 people moved West insearch of Gold and
-Heading to Colorado in 1859, "fifty-niners" would
write, "Pike's Peak or
-The largest finding came in 1859 in Nevada with the
"Comstock Lode"; worth
more than $340 million in G
I. President Ulysses S. Grant:
-18th President of the United States 1869-1877
-Vice President: Schuyler Colfax (1869-1873)
-Elected on fame from winning the Civil War
-Known for corruption and graft dur
Americas Course (Curse?) of Empire:
-American influence was spreading across the globe as
States held possessions in the Atlantic and Pacific.
-The Anti-Imperialist League was against such moves and
by Harvard, Yale, Mark Twain, A
Battling Social Ills:
-Progressives took it upon themselves to direct the
nation into an era of
1. The Triangle Shirtwaist Co. Fire (1911): Over 146
young girls working in
a garment district workshop, locked in to keep them
from stealing c
The Battle of Bear Paw Mountain, 1877:
-The Nez Perce had left ancestoral home in Oregon and
attempted to allie
themselves with the Sioux.
-The Nez Perce were led by Chief Joseph
-Captured at the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain, Chief
Joseph had been told by
The Arts & Society:
-James Whistler: painted "Whislter's Mother"
-The Metropolitan Opera House of New York was built in
-Southern music called "ragtime", played by men like
Scott Joplin in the new
theater shows called Vaudeville, was all the rage.
II. President Rutherford B. Hayes
-19th President of the United States (1877-1881)
-Vice President: William Wheeler
-Known as the "Great Unknown", and known for vowing he
would only seek one
term if elected.
-Wife, Lucy, known as "Lemonade Luc
D. Wrongdoing by the Railroads:
-Railroad moguls and investors would use different
techniques to generate
1. "Stock Watering": Railroad companies inflated the
worth of the company
assets, and sold stock based upon the false assessed
-Progressives were people who supported the idea of
bringing "change" to the
-Progressives opposed; Monopolies, Corporate
Corruption, Social injustices,
-Early signs of Progressive growth can be found in the;
President Benjamin Harrison:
-23rd President of the United States 1889-1893
-Vice President: Levi Martin (1889-1893)
-Civil War Veteran and War Hero
-Grandson of William Henry Harrison
-Known as "The White House Ice Chest"
-Believed in support
Presidency of William Howard Taft:
-27th President of the United States 1909-1913
-Vice President: James Sherman (1909-1912)
-Known for his size, Taft topped the scales at 350lbs;
getting stuck in his
own bathtub in the White House, becoming t
In the summer of 1892 steel workers at the Homestead
Steel Plant in
Pittsburgh, PA went on strike.
-Steel owner Andrew Carnegie ordered his private police
force to break up
-The workers on strike were armed with guns and
dynamite and an armed
The Creation of the Panama Canal:
-The idea of a canal connecting the Atlantic & Pacific
had been an American
dream since 1850 with the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty and
-The United States wanted a direct waterway which would
not only increase
Monroes Doctrine and the Venezuelan Squall:
-Venezuela and British Guiana argued over a border
dispute in South America,
especially over the discovery of gold in the region.
-President Cleveland tried to negotiate a peace between
the two countries,
Literature and The Press:
-Sensationalism (Tabloid News) was the goal of many
newspaper reporters and
owners who saw their circulation numbers skyrocket.
-The two largest newspaper owners, Joseph Pulitzer and
Hearst, competed openly, repo
VII. The Age of Labor:
A. The Impact of the New Industrial Revolution on
-With the birth of Industrialization, workers and
families had more
expendable income and free time to dedicate to "free
time", heading to
baseball games, amusement parks, g
John Hay Defends China and U.S. Interests:
-Many Americans worried that European Nations; Germany,
Great Britain, were
carving up China for trade
-In 1899 Secretary of State John Hay wanted to know
about the "Spheres of
Influence" each country had, and if
Narrowing the Welcome Mat:
-By the 1880's many "native born" citizens were opposed
immigration numbers from Southern and Eastern Europe.
-Union's were opposed to immigrants because they would
be used and exploited
by factory owners as cheap "
-Between 1880 and 1920 more than 4 million Italians
immigrated to the United
-Coming from the Northern and Southern Provinces of
Italy, and the island of
-Speaking little to no English, Italians were seen as
the bottom of the
V. President Grover Cleveland (First Term)
-22nd President of the United States 1885-1889
-Democrat (1st Democrat Elected in 25 yrs)
-Vice President: Thomas Hendricks (1885 dies in office)
-Well known reform Governor of NY & Only President born
Roosevelt on the World Stage:
-In 1904 Japan and Russia went to war over Russian
intervention in Manchuria
and Korea, which were right across the Sea of Japan.
-Japan also had its sights set on acquiring the Kuril &
Sakhalin Islands and
fishing rights in
The Democrats nominated William Jennings Bryan from NB
-Bryan won the nomination with his "Cross of Gold
Speech", which denounced
the banks and the gold standard, and called for free
-"Gold Bugs" or Democrats who did not like Bryan as the
Corraling the Trusts:
-Roosevelt and Congress worked on regulating the Trusts
by passing the
Elkins Act and Hepburn Act.
-The Elkins Act(1903): Outlaws and heavily fines
railroads that issue rebates
-The Hepburn Act(1906): Outlaws the "Free Pass";
Andrew Carnegie: Carnegie Steel
-Used "Vertical Integration": Carnegie Steel Company
owned all the methods
of, and ingredients for, steel production.
-Carnegie had under his control; iron ore mines,
furnaces, steel mills,
shipping, & railroad lines.
D. The Panic of 1873:
-Economic collapse was caused by over speculation of
mining, agricultural expansion.
-The major financial institution of Jay Cooke & Co.
collapsed, causing a
ripple effect which caused the collapse (much like
D. The Knights of Labor:
-Originally known as the "Noble and Holy Order of the
Knights of Labor"
-Originating as a secret society in 1869, the Knights
became a full fledged
political entity for Labor by the 1880's.
-The Knights were led by Terence V. Powd
VI. The Industrial Age 1865-1900:
A. The Transcontinental Railroad:
-Congress enacted support for the Transcontinental
Railroad in 1862.
-Two Railroad Co. would be appointed to the task of
building the Railroad,
the Union Pacific Railroad & the Central Pa
The Hallowed Halls of Ivy:
-In 1900 the need for higher learning increased as many
schools saw an
increase in men and women attending school.
-Colleges were given the opportunity to expand thanks
to the Morrill Act,
gave grants of Public Land to the State
The Far West Comes of Age and Folds:
-From 1870-1890 the population of the West exploded as
new states were
created; Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana,
Wyoming, and Utah.
-On April 22nd, 1889 the "Last Land Grab" took place
The Bull Moose Party:
-Roosevelt supported a political platform called "New
-New Nationalism believed in encouraging the Government
to take a more
active role in solving the economic and social problems
of the country.
-New Nationalism promis