On page 186 of the text the authors point out "To understand how the schedule of wants or demands of
a given society is balanced against the supply of goods and services available, it is necessary to introduce
a non-economic variable: the anthropological
involved in the fighting as Zeus imbues his team with fresh strength.
Hector tries to kill Automedon so that he can steal the chariot, but
Automedon dodges Hectors spear and brings a Trojan down in the
process. He strips the Trojan of his armor, claiming
A fight breaks out over Patrocluss body. Euphorbus, the Trojan who first
speared him, tries to strip him of Achilles armor but is killed by Menelaus.
Hector, spurred on by Apollo, sees Euphorbuss fall and comes to help.
Menelaus enlists the help of Great
save their own mortal offspring in turn. Zeus resigns himself to
Sarpedons mortality. Patroclus soon spears Sarpedon, and both sides
fight over his armor. Hector returns briefly to the front in an attempt to
retrieve the armor.
Zeus decides to kill Patroc
Meanwhile, Patroclus goes to Achilles tent and begs to be allowed to
wear Achilles armor if Achilles still refuses to rejoin the battle himself.
Achilles declines to fight but agrees to the exchange of armor, with the
understanding that Patroclus will fig
order Poseidon to leave the battlefield, which Poseidon reluctantly
agrees to do, while Apollo seeks out Hector and fills him and his
comrades with fresh strength. Hector leads a charge against the
Achaeans, and while their leaders initially hold their gr
lull Zeus to sleep. Sleep follows her to the peak of Mount Ida; disguised as
a bird, he hides in a tree. Zeus sees Hera, and the enchanted band seizes
him with passion. He makes love to Hera and, as planned, soon falls
asleep. Hera then calls to Poseidon,
Hector throws his lance at Teucer, Teucer dodges out of the way, and the
weapon pierces and kills Poseidons grandson Amphimachus. As an act of
vengeance, Poseidon imbues Idomeneus with a raging power. Idomeneus
then joins Meriones in leading a charge agai
find them all wounded or dead. Great Ajax insults Hector, and an eagle
appears on Ajaxs right, a favorable omen for the Achaeans.
Summary: Book 14
Nestor leaves the wounded Machaon in his tent and goes to meet the
other wounded Achaean commanders out by t
side of the Trojan line and drops a serpent in the soldiers midst.
Polydamas interprets this event as a sign that their charge will fail, but
Hector refuses to retreat.
The Trojans Glaucus and Sarpedon now charge the ramparts, and
Menestheus, aided by Gre
the lines, Achilles sees the injured Machaon fly by in a chariot and sends
his companion Patroclus to inquire into Machaons status. Nestor tells
Patroclus about all of the wounds that the Trojans have inflicted upon the
Achaean commanders. He begs Patrocl
brother. The injured Agamemnon continues fighting and kills Coon, but
his pain eventually forces him from the field.
Hector recognizes his cue and charges the Achaean line, driving it back.
The Achaeans panic and stand poised to retreat, but the words of
Thracians, newly arrived, are especially vulnerable to attack. Diomedes
then kills Dolon and strips him of his armor.
The two Achaean spies proceed to the Thracian camp, where they kill
twelve soldiers and their king, Rhesus. They also steal Rhesuss chari
The Greek commanders sleep well that night, with the exception of
Agamemnon and Menelaus. Eventually, they rise and wake the others.
They convene on open ground, on the Trojan side of their fortifications,
to plan their next move. Nestor suggests sending
profound that Thetis hears him and comes with her water-nymph sisters
from the ocean to learn what troubles her son (18.39). Achilles tells her
of the tragedy and insists that he shall avenge himself on Hector, despite
his knowledge that, should he choose
foolhardy plan wins the support of the Trojans, for Athena has robbed
them of their wits. Meanwhile, in the Achaean camp, the men begin their
mourning for Patroclus. Achilles has men clean Patrocluss wounds to
prepare him for burial, though he vows not to
My chosen topic was keeping the Arts in Schools. The Name of my first stakeholder is Americans for the
Arts organization. Based off this I would choose my following stakeholder, the National Education
and Hera, for example, provides a much lighter parallel to the heated
exchange between Agamemnon and Achilles.
Indeed, in their submission to base appetites and shallow grudges, the
gods of the Iliad often seem more prone to human folly than the human
But while the poem focuses most centrally on the rage of a mortal, it also
concerns itself greatly with the motivations and actions of the gods. Even
before Homer describes the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon,
he explains that Apollo was responsibl
Analysis of Book 1
Like other ancient epic poems, the Iliad presents its subject clearly from
the outset. Indeed, the poem names its focus in its opening word: menin,
or rage. Specifically, the Iliad concerns itself with the rage of Achilles
how it begins
taken from him. Menelaus then adds to the argument, declaring that
Antilochus committed a foul during the race. After some heated words,
the men reconcile with one another.
Summary: Book 24
Achilles continues mourning Patroclus and abusing Hectors body,
Priam tearfully supplicates Achilles, begging for Hectors body. He asks
Achilles to think of his own father, Peleus, and the love between them.
Achilles weeps for his father and for Patroclus. He accepts the ransom
and agrees to give the corpse back.
At the Achaean camp, Achilles and the Myrmidons continue their
mourning for Patroclus. Achilles finally begins to accept food, but he still
refuses to wash until he has buried Patroclus. That night, his dead
companion appears to him in a dream, begging Ac
hit. Hector turns to Deiphobus to ask him for a lance; when he finds his
friend gone, he realizes that the gods have betrayed him. In a desperate
bid for glory, he charges Achilles. However, he still wears Achilles old
armorstolen from Patrocluss dead bod
Hector now stands as the only Trojan left outside Troy. Priam,
overlooking the battlefield from the Trojan ramparts, begs him to come
inside, but Hector, having given the overconfident order for the Trojans
to camp outside their gates the night before, no
Hephaestus, sent by Hera, sets the plain on fire and boils the river until
A great commotion now breaks out among the gods as they watch and
argue over the human warfare. Athena defeats Ares and Aphrodite.
Poseidon challenges Apollo, but Apoll
Achilles. The fight goes poorly for Hector, and Apollo is forced to save him
a second time.
Summary: Book 21
Achilles routs the Trojans and splits their ranks, pursuing half of them
into the river known to the gods as Xanthus and to the mortals as
unchecked, he will decimate the Trojans and maybe even bring the city
down before its fated time. Accordingly, he thus removes his previous
injunction against divine interference in the battle, and the gods stream
down to earth. But the gods soon decide t
Achilles announces his intention to go to war at once. Odysseus
persuades him to let the army eat first, but Achilles himself refuses to eat
until he has slain Hector. All through breakfast, he sits mourning his dear
friend Patroclus and reminiscing. Even
Agamemnon decides to offer Achilles a great stockpile of gifts on the
condition that he return to the Achaean lines. The king selects some of
the Achaeans best men, including Odysseus, Great Ajax, and Phoenix, to
communicate the proposal to Achilles.
Multicultural Perspectives, 13(2), 9092
C 2011 by the National Association for Multicultural Education
ISSN: 1521-0960 print / 1532-7892
Fearless Vampire Kissers: Bloodsuckers We Love in Twilight, True
Vampire Gentlemen and Zombie Beasts
A Rendering of True Monstrosity
Angela Tenga Florida Institute of Technology
Elizabeth Zimmerman Southern Illinois University-Carbondale
Many vampires in popular fiction have developed a conscience that mitigat
Metamorphoses of the Vampire in Literature and Film: Cultural Transformations in
Europe, 17321933, by Erik Butler
Author(s): David Punter
Source: Victorian Studies, Vol. 53, No. 4 (Summer 2011), pp. 756-758
Published by: Indiana University Press
According to Kant's lecture "there are two motives to action in man. The one selflove is derived from himself, and the other the love of humanity is derived from
others and is the moral motive. In man, these two motives are in conflict" (LF 210).
The Sacrament of confession
the confession became one of the wests most
highly valued techniques for producing truth. We
have since become a singularly confessing society.
The confession has sp