Reflection Paper One
Socrates argued that no one desires anything bad knowing it is bad. However, I do not
necessarily believe this is true. For example, there are drug addicts and alcoholics who know that
the addiction is
Reading Assignment and Question #11
Life often seems unfair. It seems that bad things happen to good people, while good things happen to
bad people. Aurelius rejects this apparently evident claim about life.
What argument does he use again
Reading Assignment & Question #3
On page 15, Socrates says: Shame is a part of fear just as odd is a part of number.
What does he mean by this?
How is the relationship between shame and fear like the
Reading Assignment and Question 12
On page 57, Marcus Aurelius says: What does not benefit the hive does not benefit the bee either. In
this analogy, what two different things might the hive represent? What is the point of this analogy?
Reading Assignment and Question #8
On pages 11 and 12, what are four different arguments that Lucretius gives to show that there must be
things or particles that are too small for us to see
On pages 11 and 12 Lucretius explains that there are things or pa
Reading Assignment & Question #2
On page 9, Socrates says: And the same thing would be both pious and impious, according to
What argument is Socrates talking about here?
In other words, how has Socrates argued that the same
Reading Assignment & Question #1
Why is Euthyphro prosecuting his father?
What three arguments do Euthyphros relatives give to show that he should not prosecute his father?
Which argument do you find most convincing? Why?
Which argument do
Reading and Question #7
On page 141, how does Socrates explain the relationships between (a) fire and hot, (b) snow and cold,
and (c) three and odd?
How does Socrates use the pattern established in these relations to show that the soul can
Reading Assignment and Question #10
According to Epictetus, what is piety? What must we do in order to become pious?
According to Epictetus, piety towards the gods is the chief thing, to have opinions about
them, to think they exist, and t
Reading Assignment and Question #9
Where (i.e. in what lines of Book V) does Lucretius argue that the universe was not created for our
What is his argument?
How might someone criticize this argument?
(Hint: Ask yourself what this arg
Reading Assignment & Question #4
Why does Socrates think that he is the wisest person?
What kind of wisdom does he have?
Is this wisdom any more valuable than the ignorance of Socrates fellow Athenians?
Why or why not?
Socrates did not bel
July 25, 2016
The plan: 8.2
8.2: 5 Equivalence Rules
With replacement rules, we are able to change either an entire statement or just a part of one. These
rules are based on logical equivalence
Double Negation (DN)
p : ~p