E-commerce businesses dealing with sales between a supplier and a retail B2C consumer are _. The elimination of the middle layers of the supply chain is called _. disintermediation There might exist _ between Wal-Mart.com and Wal-Mart physical channel con
What is smack shopping according to Mark McGuire? What is a distribution chain?
Online collaborative shopping by groups of customers The path a product or service follows from the originator of it to the consumer
In contemporary business, success depends
They automatically submit search requests to several indices and search engines. They
receive the results, sort them, eliminate duplicates and create an index.
discover cost savings in redundant inventory, as well as previously unknown volume
(ii) Message the text of the e-mail communication.
(iii) Signature may include senders name, address and telephone number (optional).
The most important element of
into digital bits. They resemble conventional answering machines and electronic mail systems.
They can receive large numbers of incoming calls and route them to appropriate voice mailboxes
which are recorded voice messages. They can forward calls and deli
b) What reasons would you put forward for adopting a database as a basis for an
of Kenya (ICPAK) on information management into th
companies can have total control of their own communication system without dependence on
other companies. Business and home users also get higher speed reception than if using ordinary
telephone service or ISDN.
There are five kinds of communicati
and leisure activities. Examples include Hewlett Packard (HP), Compaq and Dell.
They include desktops, laptops and palmtops.
1. The question addresses the organisation a
Conflicts of Intellectual Property
Increased plagiarism because of the Internet violates acade
Can an InternetService Provider be liable for defective information placed by someone else? ISP
may be regarded as a publisher. Traditional print publishers have been held not to be liable for
inaccurate information contained in the books they publi
Outsourcingis a contractual agreement whereby an organization hands over control of part or
all of the functions of the information systems department to an external party.
Software house is
creates custom sof
o Netscape communicator
o Microsoft InternetExplorer
Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
> 3. Session Layer
The session layer provides an open communications path to the other system. It involves setting
up, maintaining and closing down a session (a communication time span). The communications
channel and the internetw
analysis of what data already exists and how it can be collected in such a way that the data can
later be used.
A data warehouse is a central aggregation of data (which can be distributed physically); a data
mart is a data repository that may derive from
Ensure reliable and
Electronic commerce that is conducted between businesses is referred to as business
(i) Input fraud entry of unauthorised instructions, alteration of data prior to entry or entry
of false data. Requires few technical skills.
(ii) Datafraud alteration of data already entered on computer, requires few technical
(iii) Output fraud f
3.3 Facilities Management (FM)
This may be the semi-external management of IS provision. In the physical sense all the IS
elements may remain (or be created from scratch) within the clients premises but their
management and operation become the responsibi
halfway around the
paper document exchange such as purchase orders, invoices or material release schedules, the
proper controls and edits need to be built within each companys application system to allow this
communication to take place.
The four commonly used services on the Internetare:
Telnet- Telnet allows you to connect to another computer (host) on the Internet.
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4. Information superhighway
global, high-speed communications network that will carry voice, data, video and other forms of
information all over
Organisations which have a requirement for sharing and distributing electronic information
normally have three choices:
- Use a proprietary groupware package such as Lotus Notes
- Set up an Intranet
- Set up a connection to the Int
communication (real time communication). To participate in a chat group, you need to join
by selecting a channel or a topic. You communicate live with others by typing words on your
computer. Other members of your channel immediately see the words on thei
Datainterdependence allows changes in technology and changes in application to
be insulated from each other.
3. There are four main types of file organisation:
the transmitted signals. This includes voltage levels, connector types, cabling, data rate, etc. It
provides the physical interface.
3.6 Network cable types
The cable type used on a network depends on several parameters including:
highest specification of
cable allows extremely
high bit rates over long distances. Fibre-opticcables do not interfere with nearby cables and
give greater security, more protection from electrical damage b
differentiation and integration that suit the organisations environment.
e. In a predictable environment integration is achieved through the management
hierarchy, particular at higher levels and through rules, procedures, budgets, etc. In an
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