Life Application Paper 2
In Life Application Paper 1, the topic which I was most interested in learning about
was interpersonal relationships and how they worked. I wondered about what attracted us to
people and what determined our willingness to form clo
Self-awareness theory is a theory that says that people through introspection judge their own actions
according to their values. This is the reason why people feel guilty after committing certain acts. Under
this theory, people are have the capacity to th
I have a particular disdain for Toyota Matrix cars. A friend of mine drives it and I hate when I
have to ride in it with her. According to the tripartite model, this attitude can be explained using
the three bases: the affective, the cognitive, and the be
In a newspaper article I read last year, two cars were traveling at high speed on a
highway. They came to a point where one of them (the narrator) noticed every car taking the
exit and those already ahead slowing down rapidly. He also noticed some of the
Self Serving bias
In my life experiences, I notice that I have often commited the error of self-serving bias. An
example of that was 3 years ago when I applied for jobs at both Macys and Dillards. I was hired
by Dillards but rejected by macys. My reasonin
Prosocial behavior is something that should be encouraged in society. But too often we see a
trend where people who are in need of help get shunned even on busy streets because people
are either in fear of getting in trouble by helping or because other pe
This can be reduced by changing the behavior to fit the dissonant cognition, and also by trying
to justify the behavior by adding new cognitions.
In Jessicas case, she would initially attempt to quit eating red meats altogether. If it
LIFE APPLICATION PAPER 1
Interpersonal attraction has long been a topic that has piqued my interest. I often wonder
why we form close bonds with certain people we meet and yet, dislike other people even when
we met those different groups of people at the
PSYCH OF GEN WEEK 3 LEC 4 [BIOLOGY]
Alexander & Hines (2002)
- Experiment: Monkeys playing with certain toys
- Fem monkeys seemed to spend more time with fem toys and vice versa
- This study was a bit hard to draw conclusions (monkeys dont understand he
Chapter 1 part 2
The Power of Social Influence
Fundamental attribution error:
The tendency to explain our own and
other peoples behavior entirely in
terms of personality traits,
underestimating the power of social
NAME Caroline Brown
There are 50 questions on the test: 25 Multiple Choice and 25 True/False worth 2 points each for a total
of 100 points. There are also 2 Bonus Questions that are worth 2 points each so if yo
Exam One; Social Psychology, Fall 2013; Dr. Newel
1. There is a well-knows human tendency called _ in which people exaggerate how much they could have
predicted an outcome after knowing that it occurred.
a. Hindsight bias
b. Retrospective r
What is Social Psychology
At the heart of social psychology is social
We are all influenced by other people
What is Social Psychology?
The scientific study of the way in which
Triplett- bicycle races, turned in faster times when racing others versus
Reel in fishing line, alone vs. groups of 3
Group performance better than individual
Ringleman- agriculture, when ox pulls plow, one ox pulls
Changes Over Time in Whites Racial Attitudes
75% (1964) 95% (1978)
Oppose laws against intermarriage
39% (1964) 66% (1982)
White and Black students should go to
Which person is the more competent?
Peoples judgments accurately predicted 71.6%
of US Senate races in 2000, 2002, 2004
(Todorov, Mandisodza, Goren, & Hall, 2005)
We tend t
Attitudes Change and Persuasion
2 Routes to Persuasion:
Elaboration Likelihood Model
Petty & Cacioppo (1986): People do not
always process communications in the
Central route to persuasion: People are
influenced by the strength and quality of
It deosnt mttaer in what oredr the
ltteers in a wrod are, the olny
iprmoatnt tihng is taht the frist and
lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae. The
rset can be a taotl mses and you
can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm.
Attitudes and Behavior
What is an attitude?
General evaluations people hold in regard to
themselves, other people, objects, or ideas
3 components of attitudes (ABCs):
Measurement of Attitudes
Psychology and Law
Convicted of the August 19,
1989, murder of police officer
Mark MacPhail in Savannah,
Executed Sept. 21, 2011
7 witnesses testified they had
seen Davis shoot MacPhail.
Eyewitness testimony controversy
The Social Self
Who Am I?
1. I am _.
2. I am _.
3. I am _.
4. I am _.
5. I am _.
6. I am _.
7. I am _.
8. I am _.
9. I am _.
10.I am _.
Cultural definitions of the Self
The West (individualist cultures)
Self as independent
emphasizes the vir
Social Psychology and Health
What is stress?
Early definitions focused on adjustment
Stress as the degree to which people have to
change and readjust in the face of some
Problem with this is that positive and
negative events can require adjustmen
Conformity, Compliance, & Obedience
Why do people join cults? Groups that seem
strange to outsiders?
Are they crazy? Stupid? Weak?
Studies show cult members are just as
intelligent, if not more so, than the general
public. And aroun
Main topics to cover
Nonverbal behavior and
Darwins cool ideas
(From The Expression of Emotions in Man and
Expressions of emotions are innate (inborn)
Meaning of certain patterns o
The Darley and Latane studies
Their basic insight: The more people present at an
emergency, the less chance any one person will help.
Principles: Diffusion of Responsibility: as number of
The Need to Belong
The need to belong is likely due to its
Stress arouses our need for affiliation.
Others help us gain cognitive clarity about the
stressful event allowing us to better cope with
the impending t