Introduction - Biochemistry is the chemistry of living organisms.
a. Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. (LS 3.1)
a.i. Atoms come in different types, these different types are elements.
a.ii. Each element has its own charact
Cell Theory/History (4.1)
a. Who was the first to see and coin the term cells? An Englishman named Robert
Hooke, and he looked at shreds of cork. What did he use to see these cells?
Microscope. Today Microscopes are more powerfulleading
I. Photosynthesis is the process by which organisms harvest solar energy and use it to
combine molecules of carbon dioxide into complex, energy rich organic compounds.
Photosynthesis feeds the world and provides the basis for the food chain
Metabolism and Respiration
a. Metabolism includes all chemical reaction in an organism
b. Two parts
i. Synthesis biosynthetic reactions which require energy uses
carbon skeletons and energy to form complex compounds such as
Patterns of inheritance
a. Individuals have certain characteristics that they all share eyes, arms,
i. But no two are exactly the same
ii. The same variation exist in the rest of biological world, no two
dogs or cats or grasshoppers
The Cell Cycle
Cell Division in Eukaryotes - The process that produces two cells from one cell.
a. Cell theory includes the concept that all cells come from preexisting cells
b. Unicellular organism cell division results in two new individuals or repro
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis
I. DNA Structure Review
a. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) components of nucleotide:
i. Phosphate group
ii. 5 carbon sugar deoxyribose
iii. Nitrogenous base
1. Purines guanine, adenine (2 ring)
2. Pyrimadines cytosine, thymi
I. Darwin journey to Galapagos
a. Galapagos facts on islands
i. On the equator
ii. 950 km (600 miles) west of Ecuador isolated from other land masses
iii. Formed by volcanoes so never a part of land masses the only organisms there got
a. Resource Depletion resources are natural things that living things use, for example
sunlight, air, minerals, soil, animals, forests, etc. A resource is depleted when a large
part is used up. Some resources such as minerals and
Reading HW: Living Systems 3.1(a)
What are the three main subatomic particles? Describe the charge, size, and location of each.
What makes one element different from all of the other elements?
What is the difference between an atom, a mole
Reading HW: Living Systems 3.2
What element distinguishes organic compounds from inorganic compounds?
2. What makes one element different from all of the other elements?
3. What is the difference between an atom, a molecule, an ion and a compoun
Reading HW: Living Systems 4.1 (Cell Theory Section)/5.1
1. Who coined the term cell and what scientific tool was he using that help him identify cells?
What are the three components of cell theory?
3. What is the difference between unicellular
Reading HW: Living Systems 3.3
What does it mean that energy is conserved when chemical reactions occur?
2. What is the difference between kinetic energy and potential energy? Provide an example of each.
3. What is the activation energy of a rea
Reading HW: Living Systems 5.2
1. What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
2. What is the advantage of having membrane bound organelles?
3. Fill in the following chart by describing the function of a cell part or naming the