Racism by Albert Memmi
The Author: Albert Memmi
Memmi was asked to leave Tunisia because the Tunisians thought he was becoming a
French intellect and he was Jewish which Tunisians felt didnt fit with what they
envisioned for an independent Tunisia (Ara
Definition: Racism is the generalized and final assigning of values to real or
imaginary differences. It benefits the accuser who is doing it to justify their
own privileges or aggression, and ruins the victim.
1. Stressing the real
The Difference is Real or Imaginary
If there is no difference between the defendant and accuser, the racist
creates a difference (imaginary_
Racister only emphasizes the differences that contribute to the argument.
The Racist can base his argument
Justification of the Accuser
Racism moves toward myth, myth moves back to racist.
Racist projects guilt on objects, animal, man, or another group
Causes of racism: competition between intellectuals/artists
Why does the accuser
Attempts at Justification
We must reverse our approach and use racist speech to reflect on those
who uphold and speak it , rather than on the victim.
Racism relies on mental constructs and rationalizations to justify itself,
which are themselves fu
Origin of Race
French, dates from 15th century
Derives from word ratio (chronological order)
Race is now understood as a collection of biological and psychological
characteristics that link the ancestors of a group with the contemporary
group in a