Bipolarity: The global structure during the Cold War (1945-1991), marked by the presence of
two superpowers the US and the Soviet Union. For the most part, bipolar competition drove
Soviet and American involvement in the Middle East.
Mohammed Mossadegh: D
The Shiite Sadr Movement in Iraq
Modern Shiite Party Politics
Iraq was mostly Shiite. This provided the platform for the founding
of the Dawa Party in 1958 to work toward an Islamic state. The party was
USS Cole: Attacked in October 2000 by Afghan Al-Qaeda skiffs while it was refueling at Aden
in Yemen in the Arabian Sea. At the time the US didnt link the attack to Al-Qaeda. As a result,
US navy has to stop fueling ships in Yemen.
Osama Bin Laden: foundi
Sheikh Omar Abdul-Rahman: Also known as the blind sheikh he was the spiritual leader of AlJihad and closely associated with al-Gamaat al Islamiya. Sometime in late 1980 he allegedly
issued a fatwa that it was lawful to shed the blood of a ruler who did no
people had taken a hostile stance toward the US following the
Mossadeq coup. This is something that still angers Iranians.
primary reasons for anti-Americanism:
Khomenism more of the ideological form. This
Formulation of the Shiite Govt. of Iraq
SCIRI taken over by Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim in 1984, in Tehran. He
began the Khomeinist insurgency in Iraq. He returned to Iraq in May 2003, and
was willing to cooperate with the Americans on the grounds of practica
forests - not only to protect the national resources and stop the destruction of forests and
pasturelands, but also to further develop and cultivate them. More than 9 million trees were
planted in 26 regions, creating 70,000 acres (280 km
Special Forces: They were highly mobile and well trained troops operating with much firepower
and covered by electronic support. An example of this is their night raid on Kandahar in October.
The Taliban had nothing like it. They played a huge part in the
Muslim Brotherhood: Founded in 1928 by Hasan al-Banna in Ismailia, Egypt. Initially
influenced by Sufi mysticism but turned to a more literal approach to the Quran later. It later
developed cult-like practices and grew very quickly, a mostly urban phenome