The Young Luther
No one could have predicted the events that separated the Western
Church from the Eastern Church in 1517, MLs debate; How was this local affair
able to become a worldly transformation?
European theater of politics and so
The Renaissance of Learning: Humanism and the Humanities
WHAT IS USEFUL KNOWLEDGE?
What did they mean by utility? KNOWLEDGE that would lead to the moral
betterment of the ind. learner and as a result also of communities
Humanists stressed utility of knowl
The Ecclesiastical Arm: The Medieval Church
Ebstorf Mappa Mundi (c.1240) = World Map
Head of the circle (world map) is Jesus Christ then various parts of
Christian life in it; the center is Jerusalem, the central holy city of Christs
Why did the reform of religious life known as the 16 th c. Reformation first
flourish in the German empire and not in other states of Europe?
What part of this crisis made it possible?
The Holy Roman Empire: Official title of the Germa
A PERIOD OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCE- PRINTING
The invention of printing ~ 1450 by Johannes Gutenberg of Mainz, GER
o An inventor, student; no portrait of him
o Monument of Gutenberg shows him holding
a moveable type; central to
o Was not an u
Religion on the Eve of the Reformation
How was it possible that the whole way of religion in 1517 (and the years following
thereafter) folded so quickly? And what led to this change?
Why did many believers shift religious allegiance after 1517?
Was the pr
THE SECULAR ARM: THE GERMAN EMPIRE ON THE EVE OF THE REVOLUTION
The Political and the Religious Spheres
HOBBES THEORY & COMPARISONS
Images DID matter! Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651) frontispiece
depicts the political theory and nature at the end of the R
Innovations: Economy, Technology, Money
Pathology. The point in the progress of disease when an imp.
development or change takes place; turning-pt. of a disease for better or worse
Astrology. Said of a conj. of the planets which determines i
Indulgences are a major crucial pt. that bring together many institutions:
financial, secular, clerical; really a minor theological issue but seem to be a huge
deal because it connects everyone together
o Albert of Mainz: Commission of i
A movement in history of thought and education centered on the
acquisition of ancient langs., lit., and knowledge, along w/ productive use of this
of ancient learning would serve the betterment of mankind,
society, and religio
CHURCH REFORMS OF THE 11th c. A SOURCE OF CONFLICT
Reforms revolved around notion of purity of church
seen to be abuses (clerical marriage, concubinage, simony, lay
investiture of clergy) were fought
o Lay investiture: lay people like kings invested membe