TVE- Town Village Enterprises
market oriented public enterpirese under the purview of loval govenrmen base din
townships and villages in CHina,
Leninist Vanguard party
Revolutionary forces would have to be organized too so Lenin created a hierachical
The Versailles peace treaty ending WWI burdened Germany with the moral guilt for
the war and the financial cost of postwar reparations to the victorious Allies.
Radical uprisings threatened the political system.
Wartime destruction and the reparations pro
Resource Curse- Rentier Thesis
paradox that countries and regions with an abundance of natural resources tend to
have less economic growth and worse development than countries with fewer
natural resources- I.e. Iran has a lot of oil
Import Substituion Ind
Presidentialism vs. Parliamentarianism
make the executive and legislative branches interdependent.
Only the legislative branch is directly elected.
The prime minister and his or her cabinet are elected from legislature.
If the vote of no confidence prevails, the prime minister is out of office
c. In Germany, when a constructive vote of no confidence is called for:
Parliament must first agree on a leader to replace the sitting Chancellor and then
Independent institution appointed by federal or state govts, drawn from
practitioners of law.
1. Criminal-civil system criminal cases, civil cases, disputes among states, abortion
ruling (some pol. Issues).
Federal High Court is apex, system of
In a Fusion of Power, as seen in Great Britain, the branches of government work
together on legislation and share many major roles.
Though there are checks and balances on the branches, they are not as easily
definable as in the Separation of Powers.
There were factional struggles in society:
does not dictate policy to party leaders.
It is the self- appointed guardian of Chinese sovereignty and nationalism with a
particular interest in maintaining Taiwans independence
launched by M
Britain Head of Government* Prime Minister Gordon Brown
*France Head of Government* Prime Minister Francois Fillon
*Germany Head of Government* Chancellor Angela Merkel
*Britain Major Parties and Where They Fall on a L-R Continuum* Labour->Cent
There was an aging housing stock, and an outdated communications system.
Soviets eventually withdrew their support for East Germany and the end of the GDR
- The Berlin wall came down.
*Role of judiciary in Britain*