Are signed languages different?
American Sign Language ( ASL)
How do we decide if it is a bona fide language?
Does it have comparable generative systems to those of English?
Does it have comparable classes of eleme
The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology, Part II
The Trouble w/Transformations
Some Effects of Grammatical Transformations on the Recall of English Sentences
Kernalrecalledmosteasily 468errorsoncomplex formsreverttowardK,vs. 380inotherdirect
The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology
Language research during the Reign of Behaviorism
Operant studies (e.g., Verplanck) Classical Conditioning experiments (e.g., Stroop), referential triangle Practical research, much of which was funded by the defense
The Grammar & the Lexicon
The Grammar & the Lexicon Review of TG Constraints on long distance dependencies & co-reference Lexicalized Syntactic Knowledge
Syntactic Category (POS) Other Syntactic Features
Gender, number, case
STUDY GUIDE FOR PSYCH 242 MIDTERM
Wilhelm Wundt 1832-1920 Overview Father of Psychology Believed in introspection, but also one of first to use reaction time (type of experimental tactic) Published on language in 1911 Behaviorists respond to Wundt in an e
Language & Intelligence
What is Intelligence & how do you measure it?
Turing Test IQ tests
Is Language competence predicted by intelligence?
SLI Autism Down Syndrome Williams Syndrome
What is Intelligence?
Language and Music
December 1, 2010
Songs have symbolic meanings the same way language does (Happy Birthday, Pomp and Circumstance, Here Comes the Bride) What makes language special? Generative system: phonology and syntax Hierarchical structure Constrain
Bottom-up/Top-down Bottom-up Bottom up processing is any form of information processing that is guided by input, and proceeds in subsequent stages. In terms of linguistics, this would be like hearing a sentence, but m issing some words. You are still able
STUDY GUIDE FOR PSYCH 242 FINAL
Phonology How do the sound systems of languages differ and how are they alike? Inventory of phonemes Syllable structure Phonotactics Suprasegmental phonology Stress Tone P honemes
Definition: sound categories that impact wo
Phono categories in infants and adults
Stages of Language Acquisition Early phonological development
Cooing & Babbling Phonological Errors
Stages of Language Acquisition
How do the sound systems of LGs differ and how are they alike?
Inventory of Phonemes Syllable Structure
Are these continua or discrete categories? What is a minimal pair?
What do we know when we know a language?
Quick Historical Review Levels of Linguistic Knowledge
B.F. Skinner & Behaviorism (1927-1960)
Operant and Classical conditioning Emphasis on observable behavior Published Verbal Behavior in 1957 Speech is
Syntactic ambiguity Resolution
Fraziers Garden Path theory Constraint-based theory
Is the mental architecture purely bottom up
or is it interactive?
Role of Pragmatics
Pragmatic Interpretation (speakers meaning):
assigning an interpretation c
Lexical Access in Comprehension (word
Syntactic ambiguity Same question about
Fast Do not require attention Feed-forward (cant be guided, controlled, or
Dont forget Ling Bling Bash today at 5:00, 4th floor of Lorch (free pizza) I wont hold my usual office hour next week on Wed 9-10. Email me to set up another time if you need to see me.
How does language
Todays outline Whats the big deal?
-Child as scientist generating hypotheses -Poverty of the Stimulus
Lateralization of Hemispheres Critical Periods Social Deprivation
Task: From a small sample of sentences, deriv
Finish Language Production
Lexical bias; theories Lexical Access in Production
Lexical Access in Comprehension (word recognition)
Spoken vs. Written modality Priming Lexical Ambiguity
Lexical Access in Lg Production