100 Chapter 4/Equilibrium
If the change in Gibbs free energy in moving the system between state 1 and 2
( ) is positive, then the reversible work term is positive. Work would ave to be
don on the system to force it to change from state 1 to state 2, an be
lontents
Total Differential 301
Factorials 301
Homogeneous Functions 302
Lagrange Method of Undetermined Multipliers
Exercises in Unit Conversions
309
306
302
Chapter 1
The First Law
The science of thermodynamics is concerned with heat and work, and tra
Equations and relevant numbers and quantities
dU = TdS PdV
x
y
x
y
!
=
!
y
z
x
y
z
x
!
+
!
=
= 1
!
t
y
!
x
t
!
!
!
! ! = R
=
1 V
T
!
=
P
V
! =
S
T
!
!
2 ~1.41
_
Page 2 of 4
mania. l r ngA
Q)
709%. 4.
302 * 0; :2 $03 136: @960 89.74?
\nluu a, grad m QL ERr-(ILWK ago: ~ RT 9. k
MM k 2 F9:
1201 af
H 302. "' 02. 2 $03
mm) 0 D f
4
9 F302. = 2 P02. : 2.): 0.05: 0" 1+9
5* lemk M" = - 52307 a k: LY-TC
?_$o .
676 = 3 -> P :