History of Rockets and What have we
learned about our neighborhood using
University of Michigan-AOSS
AOSS 101: Thursday 14 January 2016
Parameters important for
A parameter is a quantity or characteristic that
January 29, 1958 - Launch day
Next day, bad weather
January 31 comes along
At 2 hours to go a fuel leak is found
Young engineer runs out onto the launch pad and determines
that it is only spilled fuel and not leaking from the rocket.
Worlds rst intercontinental ballistic
Retired as an ICBM in 1961, but used
to launch satellites and such to this
More than 1600 launched.
Korolev basic design
Desolate and at
In August 1953, von Braun tested redesigned V-2
Satellite of The Week #7
A mission to Jupiter
Studied many moons of Jupiter
Launch October 1989 on Space
Took 6 years to reach Jupiter
Main communication system didnt work!
One of the rst images
Kepler's Search for New Worlds
San Jose State University!
What fraction of stars in our galaxy harbor
potentially habitable, earth-size planets?
The Habitable Zone
How it works
As a planet passes in front of a star, t
Asteroids and Comets
Extinction Level Events
Events that cause the mass die-off of many species
Reasons for many of these unknown
Millions of Years Ago
Scale of 0-10
0 = No Hazard
1 = Normal
Satellite of The Week #6
Mars is the most popular planet to visit
Other planets visited
Launched August 2004
Orbital insertion at Merc
Can you really curve a bullet?
Spin spin spin
By spinning a bullet you can make its path curve
We already know what spin does, right?
Remember William Hale - Spin a rocket and get what? A more
stable rocket - i
Movies - Teleportation?
General idea is to transport a person from point A to point B
Could travel from one side of the planet to the other in seconds
instead of hours and hours.
Could travel to the moon instantly!
But - is this po
Army Research Center
Heeresversuchsstelle Peenemunde (HVP) in
Wernher von Braun Director
This is where the development and initial
testing of the V-1 and V-2 were conducted.
August 17-18, 1943, Allies bombed the crap out
History of Rocketry
Greece 400 BC - 100 BC
A Greek named Archytas invented a little pigeon,
in which he could put boiling water
Boiling water creates steam
Steam goes out of a small hole in the bird and
projects the bird forward on a wire.
July 16, 1969
4 days to the moon
Flight Director Gene Kranz - This is no bullshit, were going to go
land on the moon.
Some issues landing
It is hard to dene smooth from 220,000 miles away.
Armstrong has to land manually, searching for
They are what gets you moving
Different types of engines
When water boils, it creates steam, which
wants to expand.
You can use this quality to make things go.
Review for Test 2
Test on Friday!
25 multiple choice
~10 ll in the blank
3 short answer
Almost exclusively from lectures
Reading the materials in cTools doesnt hurt
USSR - Titov spends 24 hours in space
USSR - Station Keep two Vosto
Theyre how you get around
How to get to orbit
If you had a cannon up on a hill
and you red it horizontally, the
cannon ball would fall to the
The distance that the cannon
ball could go is dependent on
the speed at which you re it.
If you re
The researchers have blasted this
little reector thing with light
The light focuses and heats the air
The heated air pushes away from it
That propels it upwards
Actually has been tested and
successfully own up to about 90
The Sun doesnt change much, does it?
The Sun in X-ray wavelengths
But it fact, violent and continual changes!
The Suns Structure
The Sun Structure
- Core: first 30% of Suns radius, fusion reactions
- Radiative zone:
Enter the Shuttle
In 1969, NASA began to study the idea of a spacecraft that could be
Started out as a two part craft
The main booster stage would have wings, and pilots would y it
back to Earth after lifting the smaller craft near orbit.
May 25, 1961
I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal,
before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and
returning him safely to Earth.
Von Braun nally happy.
July 21, 1961
Second US Man in
First Flight - August 30, 1984
Discovery with arm
International Space Station
First Launch - October 3, 1985
Docked with Mir Space Station
First Launch - May 7, 1992
Constructed after the Challenger
Satellite of the Week #3
Dynamics Explorer 1&2
Explorers 62 & 63
Launched in August 1981
Two satellites - One way up high and one
way down low
Measures both ends of a magnetic
Exploring what generates the aurora
People still use DE data today!
Satellite of The Week #5
SOHO - Giving us images of the sun
Takes pictures of the sun in different wavelengths
Different temperatures correspond to different wavelengths
Everything emits light
We emit light in the infrared band
Satellite of the Week #4
The rst Television Infrared Observation
19 inches tall and 42 inches in diameter
Took over 22,000 images
Lasted for 78 days
Had batteries and solar cells
1. Within economics, an example of a complex system is poverty alleviation programs,
specifically, microfinance credit institutions. The process of developing the system of
microfinance mirrors a systems engineering approach. In understandi
HW Assignment #1
1. The new NASA mission named after James Van Allen is called The Van Allen
Probes as of 2012. Originally called the Radiation Belt Storm Probes, the name
was changed after Van Allens death. Van Allens claim to fame was the
7:04 PM 4/7/2015
(1) What is the current Geomagnetic Conditions?
Current solar wind conditions are 373.7 km/second speeds with a density of 2.2
protons/cm^3. Current X-ray solar flares are C1 meaning it is a small sized fla
Greek named Hero invented an engine.
1232 first reported use of rockets in a war.
Battle of Kai-Keng, China vs. Mongolia
1375 Korea reinvented gunpowder
Similar to fire arrow explosive tips
Roger Bacon worked on gunpowder that improved ra
Kennedys Speech 1961 Goal to land a man on the moon
Gus Grissom 1961 Second US Man in Space
Redstone rocket; same flight path as Al Shepards flight
Problems with the hatch on landing; Grissom escapes but capsule sinks
Helicopter crews focused on rescuing