LIN 401: Introduction to
Lecture 16: Acquisition and animal communication
Most animals seem to have a
communication system of some sort
or an another that is
innate/biologically endowed to them.
Indexicality Affects Linguistic Perception
- Niedzielski (1999) tested the perceptions of white listeners from the
Detroit area concerning whether or not a particular speaker had an
o Listeners all heard a speaker from Detroit. Half were told the
Chapter 1: Introduction
Introducing the Study of Language
a. Why Study Language?
a.i. Language is unique to humans; not used in the same way by any other
a.ii. It is a complex system used to communicate ideas and express thoughts
Chapter 2: Phonetics & Phonology
What is Phonetics?
a. Phonetics: the study of minimal units that make up language
Articulation of consonants
a. Bilabial- uses both lips
b. Voiceless glottal stops
b.i. Ex: good is pronounced gut
Chapter 4: What is Morphology?
What is Morphology?
a. Morphology: the study of word making
b. Examines meaning relationships between words and the ways in which these
connections are indicated
c. Study how grammatical relationships between words are in
Hall, William S., and Roy O. Freedle. Culture and Language: The Black American
Experience. New York: Halsted, 1975. Print.
a. Traditionally crosscultural studies of minority cultures focus on the concept of
race as the chief source for explaining diffe
Sub-Cultural Language Acquisition
Language acquisition across the globe is heavily influenced by several factors. One of the
major influences that mold this critical skill is the existence of subcultures within the world in
which language is acquired
Cultures and Subcultures
a. Culture: studies difference in lifestyles based on several aspects:
spirituality, social interactions, art & music, and LANGUAGE!
b. Subculture: a smaller culture within the dominant or main one